History Chapter 5 Study Guide

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Greek Civilization

Who was a commander in the army at 16 and a king at 20?

Alexander

What is a traditional story about gods and heroes?

myth

Who is considered by some to be the greatest historian of the ancient world?

Thucydides

Who taught that the universe followed the same rules a music and numbers?

Pythagoras

What country is Greece's northern neighbor?

Macedonia

Who taught that happiness came from reason and doing one's duty?

Stoics

Who taught that there was no absolute right and wrong?

Sophists

Who were the dramatists who used painted scenery and three actors to tell a story?

Sophocles

What is the highest mountain in Greece?

Mount Olympus

When was a time when Greek culture spread throughout the non-Greek world?

Hellenistic Era

Who said, "Give me a lever and a place to stand, and I will move the earth"?

Archimedes

Who thought that governments should be headed by philosopher-kings?

Plato

Who freed the Greek cities in Asia Minor from Persian rule?

Alexander the Great

The Greeks hoped to earn the favor of their gods and goddesses by performing

rituals

Philip II got some Greek cities to join him by ________them.

conquering, inviting, and bribing

Who told King Ptolemy that "There is no royal way to learn geometry"?

Euclid

This Macedonian king loved Greek culture and planned to conquer Persia.

Philip II

Homer's epic, the Iliad, is about________.

The Trojan War

Who was the goddess of wisdom and crafts?

Athena

Herodotus wrote___________.

the History of the Persian Wars.

Who did the Greeks call the god of the underworld?

Hades

Zeus is Aphrodite's ___________.

father

Artemis is the goddess of __________

the hunt and wild animals.

Who, according to Homer, are angry with each other?

Achilles and the son of Atreus

What was the result of Achilles' anger for the Achaeans?

countless ills

What does "many a hero did it yield a prey to dogs and vultures" mean?

Many heroes died

What are some of the areas of our lives that ancient Greek culture still has influence over today?

Architecture, art, math, entertainment, government, literature

Why did Socrates disagree with the Sophists?

Sophist believe there is no absolute good or evil.
Socrates believe there is absolute truth, goodness, and evil do exist.

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