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ga arimasu

I have

hiragana

Japanese Character Set

shitsumon ga arimasu

I have a question

byou

seconds

seito

student

sumimasen

excuse me

sensei

teacher instructor (use always with elders)

nan desu ka

what is it

ka

question particle

"it's hot today, isn't it?" wa nihongo de nan desu ka

how do you say 'it's hot today isn't it?' in Japanese

wa

topic marking particle

nihongo

Japanese Language

eigo

English Language

(country)+ go

language of that particular country

un

yes (casual, used among friends)

kyou wa atsui desu nee

it's hot today isnt it

kyou

today

desu nee

isn't it

ja

change of topic

sou desu nee

yes thats right/ oh i see

wakarimashita

i understand

arigatou gozaimashita

thank you very much

arigatou

thank you

aa

realization

ga

emphasise emotion particle

suki desu

like

watashi wa anata ga suki desu

i like you

watashi

i or me

desu

show ending of sentence (period)

dai suki desu

love

watashi wa anata ga dai suki desu

i love you

mo

too or also

ai shite iru

i am in love with you

~san

shows respect for someonees name and family

~chan

friendly ending to a name (must ask the person if you can use chan with them)

ii desu nee

thats good isnt it

sore mo

that is also

de

using something by means of something of where an action takes please( particle)

watashi no

my or mine

watashi mo

i also

no

oownership particle

watashi no namae wa Misawa Sensei desu

my name is Mr. Misawa

namae

name

watashiu wa misawa sensei desu

i am mr. misawa

ohayou gozaimasu

good morning

konnichiwa

good afternoon or hello (casual if used as hello)

konbanwa

good evening

sayounara

good bye

o genki desu ka

how are you

genki desu

I am good. (feeling)

doumo arigatou gozaimasu

thank you very much ( most formal form of thank you)

domou

thanks (most casual form of thank you)

douzo

here you go. go ahead

douitashimashite

your welcome

gomen nasai

i am so sorry

chotto

a little bit

kudasai

please for me

matte

wait

chotto matte kudasai

please wait a moment

irrasshaimase

welcome to our store

ii tenki desu nee

good weather isnt it

tenki

weather

aa

(oh hey) realization

ikimahita

went

ikimasu

to go or will go

masu

present tense of go

mashita

past tense of go

ikimasen

wont go

ikimasendeshita

did not go

ni

particle that indicates a place

kinou

yesterday

doko ni ikimashita ka

where did you go

doko

where

hitori

by yourself

tomadachi

friends/friend

tomadachi to

with friends

hitori de ikimashita

i went by myself

fu~n

yes (casual)

n

no (casual)

etto...

let me see ( sound of thinking)

anou...

well... (sound of thinking)

(number)+ ji

time

shi/ yon

4

nana/ shichi

7

nanji

what time

desu yo

i assure you (e.g. looking at a clock or calander to find the answer)

kyou no

today's

ima nanji desu ka

what time is it right now

kaigi

meeting

sanji

three o clock

half

half or half hour

~san mo kaigo ni ikimasuka

are you going to the meeting as well

hai ikimasu yo

yes of course i will go

jya nee

see yah (highly informal)

jya mata ato de

see you later (more formal than jyaa nee)

kyou no kaigi

today's meeting

kyou no kaigi wa nanji kara desu ka

how much time before today's meeting/ when will today's meeting begin/ (literal meaning)todays' meeting is from what time

(number) + ji+ han

half hour

yukkuri onegaishimasu

slowly please

douzo yoroshiku

nice to meet you ( for the first time)

hajimemashite

how do you do

ohayou

hello ( a friendly greeting when its early)

bai bai

bye bye

jya mata

see you later

jyaa mata

see you later

jyaa..

well then...

mata

again

boku

I or me( mainly used by males, but tomboys use it as well)

jiyuu

freely

atarashi

i or me (highly polite form)

watakushi

i or me ( formal)

~kun

suffix name used only on boys

hajimashou

let's begin

kiritsu

stand (formal)

rei

bow (formal)

chakuseki

sit (formal)

~san wa oyasumi desu

~ is absent

~san wa chikoku desu

~ is tardy

hayaku

hurry up

hyaku

hundred

owarimashou

let's finish

nani/ nan

what?

nan

what (counters)

otsukarisamadeshita

thank you for all of your hard work

kore wa nan desu ka

that is this/ what is it?

shukudai

homework

gan bare masu

i will do my best

gan bette nee

good luck

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