Which is the biggest country?
Saudi Arabia is the largest country.
Describe the geography of the Arabian Peninsula.
It's very dry, not much fertile soil. The is also not a lot of annual rainfall. (Dessert)
What is important to you if you are a bedouin?
Family-Constant, Trading goods-surplus, Wisdom of the ages-knowledge of geography, strong religion, being patient, and need to survive.
What was Muhammed's profession?
He was a trader and a business manager for Khadijah.
What was the Ka'aba and where was it located?
The Ka'aba was an ancient shrine located in Mecca. The Ka'aba contained 360 idols that people brought from many places
When you are a Muslim you have to recite the following statement: There is no god but Allah and Muhammed is his messenger.
Muslims must pray five times a day while facing towards Mecca. They assemble at a Mosque or any other place. They sometimes recite the prayer god is great
Muhammed taught everyone that they had a responsibility to support the less fortunate. Muslims gave alms or money to the less fortunate through a religious tax.
In the holy month of Ramadan Muslims fast during dawn and sunset. This reminds the Muslims that spiritual needs are greater than physical needs.
People who are physically able, preform the Hajj or Pilgrimage at least once. Everyone wears the same garments of clothing so that they stand equal under Allah.
What is the Qur'an?
The holy book of Muslims. In the Qur'an there is the words of Allah not Muhammad. It is important because what Muhammad taught a was his messages from Allah. Once he died the messages needed to be recorded so they weren't forgotten.
What is the Sharia?
The Sharia is the Qur'an and the Sunna put together as a body of law. The law is on how to live a proper life.
What is the Sunna?
The Sunna is stories of how Muhammed lived
Who are the people of the book?
The people of the book are the Jews and christians because they each have their own holy book
What does Islam mean in Arabic?
Submission to the will of Allah
What does Muslim mean in Arabic?
One who has submitted
What is the Umma?
The Umma is a muslim religious community- Family, Central belief system
What is the Ulama?
Scholar class taught by religious leaders that teach the students about Muhammad and his words and deeds. This is important because Islam does not have priest or religious authority to teach the aspects of the religion.
Prophet-Messanger of God, Speaks for Allah
- Muhammed- last prophet
Father of jewish faith, Christian faith, and Muslim faith. He also built the ka'aba
Muhammed was born
Gabriel spoke to Muhammed-" To recite allah's words"
Muhammed started preaching
Muhammed was driven out of Mecca-200 followers.
Muhammed returns to Mecca-10,000 followers, Mecca surrendered, Muhammed cleared the Ka'aba
Who was Muhammed's first follower?
Muhammed's first follower was Khadijah, his wife
- Sense of being right
- Hard worker
- took action
What is a prophet?
Someone who speaks for god
What was a bedouin?
Nomadic-Travel with herds in search of food and water
What did bedouins have?
Patience, adaptability, determination, and courage
Crossroads of trade routes
Mecca-major port, Lots of people came to see the ka'aba
Who are the people of the book?
The people of the book are the Christians, Jews, and Muslims because they all have there own holy book