Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

22 terms by Louisamauze

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Copernicus

an astronomer who discovered that the sun was at the center of the universe, not the earth

Galileo

an astronomer who found evidence that the sun was at the center of the universe, not earth. He wrote books about this but was tried before the Inquisition because he was a practicing Catholic and his ideas went against the church

Bacon

a scientist who challenged the church and wanted to discover the truth. He learned by experiments and observations

Descartes

a scientist who challenged the church and wanted to discover the truth. He learned by human reasoning

Scientific Method

a step by step method that guided scientists while performing experiments

Hypothesis

an educated guess that provided a direction for scientists experiments

Boyle

a chemist who refined the alchemists views on building blocks and made new discoveries about matter

Natural Law

a law that is universal and determined by nature

Thomas Hobbes

believed in a strong government that was involved in everything. he believed that people are naturally evil and that with out a government life would be a state of nature, total chaos

John Locke

believed in limited government. believed that people were naturally good and he believed that people and government had duties and obligations to each other

Social Contract

If people obey the laws of the government, the government will protect their rights

Natural Rights

life, liberty, property

Montesquieu

created the idea that the government should be broken into three branches and the idea of checks and balances

Voltaire

an outspoken philosopher who got in trouble for a lot of things he said because he wasn't afraid to say anything

Diderot

wrote the 28-book set of the encyclopedia. he included enlightened ideas and ideas of important philosophers

Rousseau

believed in limited government and was the main man behind the social contract theory

Laissez Faire

less government involvement in economics, business and trade

Adam Smith

argued for a free market

Salon

informal social gatherings where people came together to discuss ideas

Enlightened Despots

absolute rulers who adapted enlightened ideas about religion, censorship, property and torture so that they wouldnt get overthrown

Main Idea Behind the Scientific Revolution

the physical world can be known, managed and shaped by people

Main Idea Behind the Enlightenment

Through the use of reason, the government can solve every social, political and economic problem

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set