Cell Parts

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cell parts

prokaryote

an organism without a nucleus

eukaryote

an organism with a nucleus

organelle

an organized structure within a cell with a specific function

nucleus

controls most of the cell's activities

bacteria

prokaryote example

nuclear membrane

controls what moves into and out of the nucleus

cell membrane

controls what moves into and out of the cell

cell wall

protects and supports the cell (plants only)

cytoplasm

holds cell organelles

plant

eukaryote example 1

chloroplast

makes food

mitochondria

produces energy

animal

eukaryote example 2

ribosomes

makes proteins

endoplasmic reticulum

transports materials inside the cell

Golgi body

packages and stores chemicals to be released

fungi

eukaryote example 3

vacuole

stores nutrients and waste products

nucleolus

makes ribosomes

chromatin/chromosomes

contains genetic information

cytoskeleton

gives the cell its shape

centrioles

helps in cell division

lysosomes

contains digestive enzymes that break down large molecules

protist

eukaryote example 4

cell plate

during cytokinesis, the new cell wall that begins to form in the middle, dividing the two sides

cilia

hairlike structures with the capacity for movement

nuclear pore

a minute hole in the nuclear membrane

plastid

stores food or contains pigment

microtubule

cylinders that support and give the cell shape

flagella

long hairlike structures used for movement

suicide sacks

lysosomes nickname 1

clean up crew

lysosomes nickname 2

powerhouse

mitochondria nickname

headquarters

nucleus nickname

has ribosomes

rough er

no ribosomes

smooth er

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