Schloetter Senior English Final

115 terms by pacerhurdles 

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Vocab Review for Schloetter English Final

stoicism

detachment; indifference

forlorn

depressed; miserable

covey

small flock of birds

maudlin

sentimental; mushy; teary

latent

hidden; potential; undeveloped

nemesis

foe; enemy; antagonist; archenemy

trite

cliche; stale; shallow

lucid

clear; comprehensible; understandable

meted

dispensed; distributed

indigents

poverty-stricken; poor needy

forlornly

sadly; done with depression

ruddy

reddish; rosy; flushed

chicanery

deception; deceit; dishonesty

chastity

decency; modesty; purity; virtue; celibacy

courtesan

a prostitute

jezebel

a wicked woman (originally, wicked queen of Israel)

insouciance

Blithe lack of concern; nonchalance.

perilous

Full of or involving peril; dangerous.

artifice

1. An artful or crafty expedient; a stratagem. 2. Subtle but base deception; trickery.

aplomb

Self-confident assurance; poise.

puissance

Power; might.

gentile

1. A person who is not Jewish.

egalitarian

Affirming, promoting, or characterized by belief in equal political, economic, social, and civil rights for all people.

nostalgia

1. A bittersweet longing for things, persons, or situations of the past.

Mandarin

A member of an elite group, especially a person having influence or high status in intellectual or cultural circles.

pedant

1. One who pays undue attention to book learning and formal rules. 2. One who exhibits one's learning or scholarship ostentatiously.

pretense

1. The act of pretending; a false appearance or action intended to deceive.

eunuch

1. A castrated man employed as a harem attendant or as a functionary in certain Asian courts. 2. A man or boy whose testes are nonfunctioning or have been removed.3. Informal An ineffectual, powerless, or unmasculine man.

banal

Drearily commonplace and often predictable; trite:

insurrection

The act or an instance of open revolt against civil authority or a constituted government.

mendacity

1. The condition of being mendacious; untruthfulness. 2. A lie; a falsehood.

glib

1. Performed with a natural, offhand ease: was fascinated by his unfailingly glib conversation. 2. Characterized by fluency of speech or writing that often suggests insincerity, superficiality, or a lack of concern.

urbanity

1. Refinement and elegance of manner; polished courtesy. 2. urbanities Courtesies; civilities.

sycophancy

Servile flattery.

obsolescent

1. Being in the process of passing out of use or usefulness;

bilge

1. Nautical a. The rounded portion of a ship's hull, forming a transition between the bottom and the sides.b. The lowest inner part of a ship's hull.2. Bilge water.

cagey

crafty; sly; cautious

brassy

arrogant; bold

ornery

cranky; disagreeable

defunct

extinct; obsolete

sinewy

muscular; strong

scowling

frowning; glaring

overzealous

overenthusiastic

protocol

customs; manners

veritable

genuine; real

ethereally

delicately; heavenly

matriarchy

ruled by women

elusive

inexplicable; sly

astute

bright; intelligent

irate

angry; mad

sans

without

vogue

style; fashion

placate

to calm; to soothe

cynicism

n. 1. An attitude of scornful or jaded negativity, especially a general distrust of the integrity or professed motives of others: the public cynicism aroused by governmental scandals.

metaphysics

n. 1. Philosophy The branch of philosophy that examines the nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, fact and value.

immaterial

adj. 1. Of no importance or relevance; inconsequential or irrelevant.2. Having no material body or form.

indignation

n. Anger aroused by something unjust, mean, or unworthy.

Gorgon

n. 1. Greek Mythology Any of the three sisters Stheno, Euryale, and the mortal Medusa who had snakes for hair and eyes that if looked into turned the beholder into stone. 2. gorgon A woman regarded as ugly or terrifying.

apoplexy

n. 1. Sudden impairment of neurological function, especially that resulting from a cerebral hemorrhage; a stroke. 2. A fit of extreme anger; rage

ward

n. 1. A division of a city or town, especially an electoral district, for administrative and representative purposes. 2. A person under the protection or care of another.

surmise

v.tr. To infer (something) without sufficiently conclusive evidence. v.intr. To make a guess or conjecture. n. An idea or opinion based on insufficiently conclusive evidence; a conjecture.

pessimism

n. 1. A tendency to stress the negative or unfavorable or to take the gloomiest possible view.

vacillate

intr.v. 1. To sway from one side to the other; oscillate. 2. To swing indecisively from one course of action or opinion to another.

quixotic

adj. 1. Caught up in the romance of noble deeds and the pursuit of unreachable goals; idealistic without regard to practicality. 2. Capricious; impulsive.

misanthrope

n. One who hates or mistrusts humankind.

neologism

n. 1. A new word, expression, or usage.

precept

n. 1. A rule or principle prescribing a particular course of action or conduct.

canonical

adj. 1. Of, relating to, or required by canon law. 2. Conforming to orthodox or well-established rules or patterns, as of procedure.

impetuous

adj. 1. Characterized by sudden and forceful energy or emotion; impulsive and passionate. 2. Having or marked by violent force: impetuous, heaving waves

philanthropic

adj. 1. Of, relating to, or marked by philanthropy; humanitarian.

arduous

adj. 1. Demanding great effort or labor; difficult. 2. Testing severely the powers of endurance; strenuous.

machination

n. 1. The act of plotting. 2. A crafty scheme or cunning design for the accomplishment of a sinister end.

christening

n. The Christian sacrament of baptizing and naming an infant

effrontery

n. Brazen boldness; presumptuousness.

skepticism

n. 1. A doubting or questioning attitude or state of mind; dubiety.

credulity

n. A disposition to believe too readily.

insuperable

adj. Impossible to overcome; insurmountable

mercenary

adj. 1. Motivated solely by a desire for monetary or material gain.

tutelage

n. 1. The capacity or activity of a guardian; guardianship.

perambulator

n. Chiefly British A baby carriage.

capacious

adj. Capable of containing a large quantity; spacious or roomy.

Abject

adj. 1. Brought low in condition or status. 2. Being of the most contemptible kind: abject cowardice. 3. Being of the most miserable kind; wretched: abject poverty.

Burgeon

intr.v. 1. a. To put forth new buds, leaves, or greenery; sprout.

decant

tr.v. 1. To pour off (wine, for example) without disturbing the sediment.

sententious

adj. 1. Terse and energetic in expression; pithy. Given to pompous moralizing.

posthumous

adj. 1. Occurring or continuing after one's death: a posthumous award.

viviparous

adj. 1. Zoology Giving birth to living offspring that develop within the mother's body. Most mammals and some other animals are viviparous. 2. .

hypnopedia

n 1. Sleep-teaching

indefatigable

adj. Incapable or seemingly incapable of being fatigued; tireless.

maudlin

adj. Effusively or tearfully sentimental:

surreptitious

adj. 1. Obtained, done, or made by clandestine or stealthy means.2. Acting with or marked by stealth.

furtive

adj. 1. Characterized by stealth; surreptitious. 2. Expressive of hidden motives or purposes; shifty.

ectogenesis

n. 1. The growth process of embryonic tissue placed in an artificial environment, as a test tube.

imperious

adj. 1. Arrogantly domineering or overbearing. 2. Urgent; pressing.

ruminate

To turn a matter over and over in the mind.

derision

n. 1. a. Contemptuous or jeering laughter; ridicule.

asceticism

n. 1. The principles and practices of an ascetic; extreme self-denial and austerity.

atonement

n. 1. Amends or reparation made for an injury or wrong; expiation.

prone

adj. 1. Lying with the front or face downward.

supine

adj. 1. Lying on the back or having the face upward.

satiety

n. The condition of being full or gratified beyond the point of satisfaction; surfeit.

decorum

n. 1. Appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety.

inexorable

adj. Not capable of being persuaded by entreaty; relentless.

precipice

n. 1. An overhanging or extremely steep mass of rock, such as a crag or the face of a cliff. 2. The brink of a dangerous or disastrous situation: on the precipice of defeat.

unorthodox

adj. Breaking with convention or tradition; not orthodox.

plait

n. 1. A braid, especially of hair. 2. A pleat. tr.v.

incredulous

adj. 1. Skeptical; disbelieving: incredulous of stories about flying saucers. 2. Expressive of disbelief: an incredulous stare.

lecherous

adj. Lustful.

heretical

adj. 1. Of or relating to heresy or heretics.2. Characterized by, revealing, or approaching departure from established beliefs or standards.

scatology

n. pl. 1. The study of fecal excrement, as in medicine, paleontology, or biology.

tête-à-tête

adv. & adj. Without the intrusion of a third person; in intimate privacy. A private conversation between two persons.

magnanimous

adj. 1. Courageously noble in mind and heart. Generous in forgiving; eschewing resentment or revenge; unselfish.

wanton

adj. 1. Immoral or unchaste; lewd. 2. a. Gratuitously cruel; merciless.

paroxysm

n. 1. A sudden outburst of emotion or action

superfluous

adj. Being beyond what is required or sufficient.

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