DO MAP! READY GO!!
What is on the left side of the political spectrum?
radical revolutionaries and 3rd estate
What is on the right side of the political spectrum?
the kings and queens
name the political spectrum from left to right
radical, liberal, moderate, conservative, reactionary
wants a drastic change
wants a small change by the gov.
wants things to stay the same; MOST PEOPLE
wants a small change by the individual
wants to go back in time
a political system when nobles or lords are granter use of lands that legally belong to the kings.
describe people who played a role in feudalism
nobles, lords, knights, serfs, peasants
role of the church
The Church in medieval times was Catholic and it took control to give salvation to the people. The Church also started many crusades to gain back the Holy Land.
display courage in battle and loyalty to their lord
gain control over the holy land
why did the crusades happen?
pope Urban II wanted control over the holy land
who won the crusades?
the muslims lost
what were the results of the crusades?
the knights didnt reach the holy land
centered around religious things
voyage or a quest
an organization of individuals in the same business occupation or
the taking away of a persons right of membership in Christian church
a disease spread through all of europe that killed many people
joan of arc
A young peasant woman who helped France by leading soldiers against the English
Babylonian captivity, in the history of Israel, the period from the fall of Jerusalem (586 B.C.) to the reconstruction in Palestine of a new Jewish state
hundred years war
a conflict in which england and france battled on french soil on and off
Leonarado da vinci
a painter, sculpture, inventor, and scientist who painted the mona lisa
developed the printing press
human body painting and sculpture
statue of david
use of perspective
examens imperfect conduct of human beings
famous writer from london writing poems and plays
Disputation on the Power and Efficacy of Indulgences
emphasizes on the secular and individual
challenged the church authority
where did the renaissance start?
why did the renaissance start?
because people wanted to become more individual
a movement of religious reform
why did the reformation start?
martin luther wanted to expand off indulgences and he didn't like that people weren't having all of their trust in the church
what were the effects of the reformation?
anglican church and individuality
how was Calvinism and Lutheranism the same?
humans cant earn salvation
bible only reveals truth
have worship services
a pardon. It released a sinner from performing the penalty that priest imposed for sins.
g-d has known since the beginning of time who will be saved.
thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential
an artistic technique that creates the appearance of 3 dimensions on a flat surface
made a daring voyage from spain
explored the east african side
looking to claim new lands for spain
king henrys son died at an early age
why was it now possible for the exploration
all of the technology advances
what countries led to the exploration
carved out colonies and regions that would become mexico, south america, USA
a countries power depended mainly on its wealth
slavery in the middle ages
transferred from africa to the west indies
seven years war
britain and prussia battled austria and france and russia
a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society
kings and queens got power from g-d
anglican church of england
Peter the great
greatest reformer for russia
established saint petersburg
increased czars power
palace of versailles
Phillip II of spain
lost it all from
spanish fleet that sailed against England
group of english protestants, members of a religious movements
who wrote the prince and what was the message?
machiavelli, ends justify the means
name 4 reasons why the catholic church lost power in the middle ages
name three absolute rulers and where they ruled
phillip II - spain
elizabeth - England
Louis XIV - france
name 2 reasons why glorious rev. was important
bloudless overthrow of james and marry
peaceful passing to the thrown (meaning no killings)
sin of buying or selling a church position/job
name 2 characteristics and effects of church in the middle ages
controlled education - religious intolerance
controlled taxes - poverty
what is the order of stuart kings and cromwell
james I, charles I, cromwell, charles II, james II
what did kepler, newton, and galileo do?
kepler - motion of planets
galileo - telescope
newton - gravity
name and describe 4 people in feudal hierarchy
kings, nobles/lords, knights, serfs
name 4 enlightenment thinkers
locke - natural rights and freedom of speech
wallstonecraft - woman rights
voltaire - freedom of religion
rousseau - social contract
montesquiqui - checks and balances
who was martin luther?
95 thesis - started reformation
started new relgions