Carbon Chemistry- Lesson 2

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carbon

_______ compounds include gases, solids, and liquids. 90% of all known compounds contain this.

organic

means of living things

organic

Many _______ compounds have similar properties such as low melting and boiling points.

hydrocarbon

a compound that contains only the elements carbon and hydrogen. Properties: flammable, when they burn they release a great deal of energy, mix poorly with water.

methane

Simplest hydrocarbon is _______ - CH4

structural formula

shows the kind, number, and arrangement of atoms in a molecule. each dash represents a bond.

isomers

compounds that have the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.

2

_(#) carbon atoms can form a single, double, or triple bond.

saturated hydrocarbons

classified according to the type of bonds; has only a single bond; has the maximum number of hydrogen atoms possible on its carbon chain.

unsaturated hydrocarbons

have double or triple bonds; have fewer hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom than a saturated hydrocarbon does.

unsaturated

-ene or -yne

saturated

-ane

ethane

the simplest unsaturated hydrocarbon with one double bond

acetylene

used in welding

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