an artistic movement that emerged in Italy in the 1520s and 1530s; it marked the end of the Renaissance by breaking down the principles of balance, harmony, and moderation
an artistic style of the 17th century characterized by complex forms, bold ornamentation, and contrasting elements
rights with which all humans are supposedly born, including rights to life, liberty, and property
Means "The Greek". He was from Crete (Greece), studied in Venice and Rome, then moved to Spain. In his paintings he used elongated and contorted figures, portraying them in unusual shades of yellow and green against an eerie background of stormy grays. The mood he depicts reflects well the tensions created by the religious upheavals of the reformation. Represented the high point in mannerism painting
Represented Baroque works. He was an Italian architect & sculptor. He completed St. Peter's Basilica in Rome. Noted work was "throne of St. Peter" The throne seems to hover in mid-air.
The period of Shakespeare in England is often called the Elizabethan Era because most of it fell within the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Of all the forms of Elizabethan literature, none expressed the energy of the era better than the drama. The most famous dramatist was Shakespeare. He was long viewed as a universal genius. He was a master of the English language and his language skills were matched by his insight into human psychology. In both his tragedies and comedies, he showed a remarkable understanding of the human condition.He was a "complete man of the theater" and was also an actor and shareholder of the chief theater company of the time, Lord Chamberlain's Men.
Reference Spanish literature. He set the standard for Spanish playwrights. Wrote 1500 plays and almost 500 survive. They are witty, charming, action packed and realistic.Made no apologies that his plays were written to please his audiences and satisfy public demand. Plays were written for $$$ not fame.
Spanish literary figure. His novel Don Quixote has been hailed as one of the greatest literary works of all time. The knight is a visionary who does not see the hard realities around him, but his squire is a realist. Then each of the characters comes to see the value of the other's perspective.
famous English philosopher. Wrote the Leviathan in 1651. He claimed that before society was organized, human like was "solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short." To save themselves from destroying one another, they banded together to be governed by an absolute power. To Hobbes, absolute power was need to preserve order.
Wrote "Two Treatises of Government in 1690. Was oppesed to Hobbes. Believed that before society was organized, humans lived in a state of equality and freedon rather than Hobbes' state of war. In this state of nature, human had certain NATURAL RIGHTS. Locke felt government was formed to protect their natural rights, not for self preservation as Hobbes did.