Chapter 7 Sections 1 and 2

16 terms by gazeliacarter 

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Physical features - Africa South of the Sahara

escarpment

A steep cliff at the edge of a plateau with a lowland area below

rift valley

A deep valley that forms where two plates move apart.

gorge

like a canyon, a steep-sided valley formed when a river cuts through land that is being lifted upward

industrial diamond

diamond used to make drills, saws, or grinding tools to process other materials rather than as a gemstone

series

arranged in an order and alike in some way

principal

most important; main or primary

drought

long period without rain

rain forest

dense stand of trees and other growth that receives high amounts of precipatation each year

canopy

dense covering formed by the leafy tops of tall rain forest trees; umbrella like covering formed by the tops of trees in a rain forest

deforestation

the process of stripping the land of its trees; cutting down of forests without replanting new trees

ecotourism

type of tourism in which people visit a country to enjoy its natural wonders

savanna

broad grassland in tropical or subtropical regions with few trees

desertification

process by which dry land areas turn into deserts

succulent

having fleshy plant tissue that conserves moisture; a plant that has thick, fleshy leaves that can conserve moisture

annual

occurring once a year

enormous

vey big; extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree

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