5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- confounding variables
- Ecological Fallacy
- Informational Social Influence
- Self-serving Bias
- a Reasons why people conform. Based on the way people cognitively process information about a situation. (social comparison or cognitive dissonance)
- b When one looks at two different cultures, it should not be assumed that two members from two different cultures must be different from one another, or that a single member of a culture will always demonstrate the dimensions which are the norm of that culture.
- c undesirable variables that influence the relationship between the independent and dependent variables
- d A social perception of an individual in terms of group membership of physical attributes. OR Positive or negative generalizations that are made about a group and then attributed to the members of that group.
- e Refers to the tendency of humans to attribute their successful behaviours to dispositional factors, and their unsuccessful behaviours to their situational factors.
Study: Lau & Russell (1980)
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- studies that aim to find a cause and effect relationship.
- An indirect social influence in which a person adjusts one's thoughts, feelings, behaviors in agreement with someone else or with a social norm.
Study: Asch (1951)
- When people overestimate the role of dispositional factors in an individual's behaviour and underestimate the situational factors.
- Learners must want to demonstrate what they have learned.
- getting people to make a commitment to something small, with the hope of persuading them to agree to something larger.
Petrova et al. = email surveys
5 True/False Questions
liking → Within cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.
low balling → involves changing an offer to make it less attractive to the target person after the person has agreed.
Cialdini et al. (1974) = psych students
Confucian work dynamism/Time orientation dimension → Instead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.
ecological validity → When one looks at two different cultures, it should not be assumed that two members from two different cultures must be different from one another, or that a single member of a culture will always demonstrate the dimensions which are the norm of that culture.
field experiment → the experiment takes place in a natural environment, but the researchers manipulate the variables.