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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. confounding variables
  2. Ecological Fallacy
  3. Stereotype
  4. Informational Social Influence
  5. Self-serving Bias
  1. a Reasons why people conform. Based on the way people cognitively process information about a situation. (social comparison or cognitive dissonance)
  2. b When one looks at two different cultures, it should not be assumed that two members from two different cultures must be different from one another, or that a single member of a culture will always demonstrate the dimensions which are the norm of that culture.
  3. c undesirable variables that influence the relationship between the independent and dependent variables
  4. d A social perception of an individual in terms of group membership of physical attributes. OR Positive or negative generalizations that are made about a group and then attributed to the members of that group.
  5. e Refers to the tendency of humans to attribute their successful behaviours to dispositional factors, and their unsuccessful behaviours to their situational factors.

    Study: Lau & Russell (1980)

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. studies that aim to find a cause and effect relationship.
  2. An indirect social influence in which a person adjusts one's thoughts, feelings, behaviors in agreement with someone else or with a social norm.

    Study: Asch (1951)
  3. When people overestimate the role of dispositional factors in an individual's behaviour and underestimate the situational factors.
  4. Learners must want to demonstrate what they have learned.
  5. getting people to make a commitment to something small, with the hope of persuading them to agree to something larger.
    Petrova et al. = email surveys

5 True/False Questions

  1. likingWithin cross-cultural psychology where behaviour is compared across specific cultures.

          

  2. low ballinginvolves changing an offer to make it less attractive to the target person after the person has agreed.
    Cialdini et al. (1974) = psych students

          

  3. Confucian work dynamism/Time orientation dimensionInstead of focusing on truth, some cultures focus on virtue.

          

  4. ecological validityWhen one looks at two different cultures, it should not be assumed that two members from two different cultures must be different from one another, or that a single member of a culture will always demonstrate the dimensions which are the norm of that culture.

          

  5. field experimentthe experiment takes place in a natural environment, but the researchers manipulate the variables.

          

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