PSY101 CH 9-17 Quiz Questions Rio Salado

57 terms by berghuisbs 

Ready to study?
Start with Flashcards

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

A psychologist examines several situations involving the responses of bystanders in a crowd to emergency situations. She hypothesizes that the larger the crowd, the less likely an individual is to respond to an emergency. This type of thinking is__________________________.

inductive

Joanna discovers that she has called her boyfriend's phone number instead of her mother's as she intended. Her error can be attributed to_____________________.

mindlessness

______________________________is the tendency to overestimate one's ability to have predicted an event once the outcome is known.

hindsight bias

The average IQ score used today is arbitrarily set at:

The average IQ score used today is arbitrarily set at:
100

Ralph believes his pet bird is harboring hostile feelings towards him for changing his pet food company. Ralph's tendency to project his own human interpretation of his pet's behavior may be defined as _______________________.

anthropomorphism

The process of comparing and evaluating opposing points of view to resolve differences is known as________________________.

dialectical reasoning

_____________________is a rule of thumb that suggests a course of action or guides problem solving but does not guarantee an optimal solution.

Heuristic

The tendency to think that human beings have nothing in common with other animals is referred to as________________________.

anthropodenial

The ________________________approach to intelligence focuses on how well people perform on standardized aptitude tests designed to measure the ability to acquire skills and knowledge.

psychometric

An integrated mental network of knowledge, beliefs, and expectations concerning a particular topic or aspect of the world is known as a______________________________.

cognitive schema

______________________is a state of tension that occurs when a person's belief contradicts his or her behavior .

cognitive dissonance

In the theory of cognitive dissonance, tension that occurs when you believe you may have made a bad decision is referred to as__________________________.

postdecision dissonance

Joanne is 70 years old and is about to take an IQ test. She is worried because she knows that older people are assumed to have diminished mental abilities. Joanne is being affected by_________________.

stereotype threat

________________________is the study of animal intelligence.

cognitive ethology

A system of beliefs about the way one's own mind and the minds of others work and of how individuals are affected by their beliefs and feelings is referred to as____________________.

theory of mind

In reconstructing your memories of events, you draw information from many sources, including stories and pictures. You may even draw on other people's accounts of their own events or similar events you've seen on television. The inability to distinguish an actual memory from information you have obtained elsewhere is a phenomenon known as _______________.

source misattribution

An eight-year-old boy is behaving aggressively by hitting classmates and disobeying his teacher. According to the Jungian Theory of personality, which archetype is he expressing?

his Shadow archetype

When you are cooking your favorite meal, ensuring that all the correct ingredients are included and adding just the right amount of spices for flavoring, you are using _____________.

procedural memories

During Piaget's preoperational stage of development, a child cannot take another person's point of view because a child's thinking is ___________.

egocentric

The process in which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed is called _______________.

facial feedback

The Three-Box Model of Memory included which of the following?

The Sensory Register, Short-Term Memory, and Long-Term Memory

Fear, anger, sadness, joy, surprise, disgust, and contempt are considered to be basic emotions also known as ____________ emotions

primary

The small structure in the brain that plays a key role in scrutinizing incoming information for its emotional importance is known as the ______________.

Amygdala

The hormone ______________ promotes sexual desire in both males and females.

Testosterone

An expectation that comes true because the person behaves in ways that make the expectation come true is known as a ___________________ prophecy.

Self-fulfilling prophecy

In Freud's psychosexual stages of personality, during the phallic stage, a child who desires the parent of the opposite sex and views the same-sex parent as a rival is said to be going through the ___________________.

Oedipus complex

Three-year-old Tommy thinks that if he changed from wearing pants to wearing dresses he could become a girl. Tommy still lacks a stable ___________________.

Gender identity

Trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame and doubt, identity versus role confusion, and generatively versus stagnation are all stages of the developmental theory proposed by psychoanalyst __________________________

Erik Erikson

Explain the pros and cons of defense mechanisms.

The cons of Defense mechanisms is, they will either deny or distort reality when a person feels anxious or threatened when the wishes of the id conflict with social rules. They become unhealthy only when they cause self-defeating behavior and emotional problems. The pros are, they will protect us from conflict and anxiety. (Wade, Travis 484)

The _________________ is the standard reference manual used to diagnose mental disorders.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

____________ tests consist of ambiguous pictures, sentences, or stories that the test taker interprets or completes.

Projective Tests

______________ tests have better reliability and validity.

Objective Tests (inventory)

A person who perceives everything as an opportunity for disaster is likely to suffer from a(n) _______________ disorder.

Generalized anxiety disorder

The most disabling form of social phobia is ______________. The biggest fear for a person with this phobia is being trapped in a crowded public place where escape might be difficult. Being away from a safe place, usually the home, is frightening.

Agoraphobia

A soldier who continues to relive events of the war years after returning from fighting is like to be diagnosed with _______________.

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

A person who alternates between feelings of depression and mania may suffer from __________ disorder

Bipolar disorder

Specific, negative ways of thinking that contribute to depression are known as ______________.

Cognitive habits

A person with schizophrenia reports that he is hearing voices; the symptom he is experiencing is called a ________________.

Hallucination

A person who begins to tremble, shake, and have chest pains and shortness of breath at the sight of a spider or other insect may have some type of ______________.

Phobia

A person who has an exaggerated sense of his/her own importance is said to suffer from _______________ personality disorder.

Nacissistic

What is the definition of a mental disorder?

Any behavior or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering, is self-destructive, seriously impairs the person's ability to work or get along with others, or endangers others or the community. (Wade, Tavris 599)

What is the definition of insanity?

In legal terms, it's whether a person is aware of the consequences of his or her actions and can control his or her behavior. (Wade, Tavris 598)

The most common biological treatment for mental disorders includes which of the following?

medication

A workers' union strike to force a company to raise wages and improve health care benefits is an example of

primary control

A sense of control where people try to accommodate to a bad situation by changing their own aspirations or desires is called:

secondary control

Which emotion may be most hazardous to your heart?

hostility

Thorazine, Haldol, Clozaril, Risperdal, and Zyprexa are _____________.

older medications used for the treatment of mental disorders

Exposure, flooding, systematic desensitization, and skills training are all elements of which form of psychotherapy?

Behavior Therapy

According to Hans Selye, general adaptation syndrome occurs in three sequential phases, the order of which is:

alarm, resistance, exhaustion.

Researchers believe that many psychoses are caused by an excess amount of which neurotransmitter?

Dopamine

Margaret is not prepared to take her psychology final exam. As she enters the classroom, she begins to feel her heart race; she starts to sweat; her muscles tense up, and she begins to feel nauseous. Margaret is most likely experiencing the ___________________phase of general adaptation syndrome.

alarm

A woman suffering from depression is given a new medication by her doctor, who claims that the medication will immediately improve her mood. She finds that after taking the medication she does begin to feel calmer and happier; however, after a week of taking the medication she find that her symptoms of depression have returned and the new medication no longer has any affect on her. The woman experienced which of the following?

Placebo effect

The ___________________phase of the general adaptation syndrome is when persistent stress depletes the body of energy, increasing vulnerability to physical problems.

Exhaustion

______________________refers to your general expectation about whether you can control the things that happen to you.

Locus of Control

___________________control is typically exercised by Western cultures in which people try to influence events by exerting direct control over them.

Primary

The Eastern approach of accepting reality by changing your own attitudes and goals emphasizes ______________control and a "learn to live with it" philosophy.

Secondary

A form of psychotherapy in which a therapist's primary goal is for a client to achieve insight into his or her unconscious motives and feelings is _________________.

Psychoanalysis

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set