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Vocabulary for Quarter 2 in Mr. Gammon's class.

flooding

What problem did Mesopotamians face when they settled along the river?

wheel, plow, and calendar

What are three inventions created by Mesopotamians?

Monotheism

What is the belief in one God called?

Polytheism

What does it mean to believe in many Gods?

ziggurat

The holy temple in Ancient Mesopotamia was called a

King Hammurabi

The first written law code was written by

farming

The main job and money producer in Ancient Mesopotamia was

cuneiform

The first form of writing was _______ and was written using a stylus and clay tablet

irrigation

The Mesopotamians solved the flooding problem by building an ___ system.

Iraq

The present day country where Mesopotamia once was is called

Land between the rivers

The term Mesopotamia means

Euphrates and Tigris

The name of the two rivers flowing through Mesopotamia are

Egypt

The Jewish people were enslaved for many years by the Pharaoh in

synagogue

Jewish people worship in a

Torah

The Holy Book for Jewish people written on a scroll is called the

10 Commandments

The laws given to Moses on Mt. Sinai that Jewish and Christian people follow are the

Exodus

The event where Moses led the Jewish people out of slavery was called the

Passover

Today, Jewish people celebrate the ___ honoring the Exodus and time when God sent the plagues to Egypt to free the Jewish people

Moses

The prophet who led the Jewish people out of slavery in Egypt was

Pharaoh

The Egyptian leader who thought he was God was called

Canaan

God told Abraham and his wife Sarah to leave Mesopotamia and go live in

Abraham

The "father of Judaism" is ___. God spoke to him as a boy in Mesopotamia

apostles

Jesus chose 12 ___ (disciples) to follow him and spread his message after he was gone

miracles

Jesus performed many ___ which made the Roman and Jewish leaders angry and impressed his followers

communion

Today, Christians take ___ at church to honor the Crucifixion of Jesus

sins

Christians believe Jesus was sent to earth by God to save people from our

resurrected

After 3 days in the tomb, Christians believe Jesus came back to life or was

crucifixion

Jesus was killed by Roman and Jewish leaders by being nailed to a cross... this event is known as the

Bethlehem

Jesus was born in ___, after King Herod forced all Jewish people to return to their hometown to pay a tax

Bible

The Holy Book of Christianity is the

New and Old Testaments

The bible is broken into two main parts, the

Messiah

Christians believe Jesus was the "son of God" known as the

submit to Allah

What does the term Islam mean?

Muslims

People who worship Islam are called?

Mosques

Muslims worship in temples called?

Koran

The Muslim holy book written by Muhammad is called?

pilgrimage

Muslims are required to take a ___ to the holy city of Mecca at least once in their life

Muhammad

The prophet who was spoken to by the angel Gabriel in a cave and who began the religion of Islam was

Allah

Muslims refer to God as

Five Pillars of Islam

The holiest city for Muslims where Muhammad was born is Mecca Each Muslim is required by Allah (God) to follow the ___ ___ __ ___ in their daily lives.

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