Chapter 5, Section 2 Cards

22 terms by MsZing 

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Epics

long poems describing heros and great events

Myths

traditional stories about the deeds and misdeeds of gods

Oracles

special sanctuaries that priests spoke to god from

Import

Good or service bought from another country

Export

Good or service sold to another country

Aristocracies

greek city-states controlled by nobles

Hoplite

a new kind of nonaristocratic soildier; heavy infantryman

Tyrants

Leaders who seized power illegally but who were supported by the people

Popular Government

people should rule themselves rather than being ruled by others

Democracy

all citizens take part in government

Homer

the writer of the Odyssey and the Iliad

Zeus

The god of gods/lightning god

Athena

goddess of wisdom, womanly virtue, and technical skill. Wife of Zeus

Poseidon

Brother of Zeus and god of the sea

Hades

god of the underworld

Aphrodite

goddess of love and beauty, daughter of Zeus

Apollo

son of Zeus, god of light, music, and poetry

Dionsysus

god of fertility and wine

Hera

sister and wife of Zeus, goddess of marriage and family

What are some of the Olympic events?

Chariot racing, boxing, foot races, javelin, discus throwing, wrestling, jumping

Mount Olympus

this is where the Greek gods supposedly lived, on a mountain in northen Greece

What did the Greeks ask of their religion?

1.) a means of gaining, such benefits as long life, good fortune, abundant harvest
2.) an explanation of why people lose self-control
3.) an explanation of such things as thunder, lightening, etc.

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