Egyptian Essay Question

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Old Kingdom Events

First Pyramid built.
Knufu builds the great pyramid at giza.
Cult of Ra gains importance
King Unas aka Wenas, Unis- 2375 - 2345 (the last ruler of the 5th Dynasty) had the burial chamber in his pyramid inscribed with spells for the afterlife and the cult of Osiris. These are referred to as the Pyramid Texts - later used and adapted to become the basis of the Book of the Dead
Pharaoh Pepy II is credited with the longest reign in the history of Egypt of 94 years

Nitiqret (also known by the Greek name Nitocris), is believed to have not only been the first female ruler of and Queen of Egypt

Middle Kingdom Events

Hyksos raiders from Asia, led by Amenemhat I, gained power and moved into the Delta and introduced the Egyptians to the chariot
Amenemhet I (1991-1962) was a commoner who attributed his rise to the god Amun. Amenemhet (1991 BC - 1962 BC) launched at least one campaign into Nubia

Senusret I (1971 BC - 1926 BC) recaptured Nubia

Amenemhat II (1929 BC - 1895 BC) waged war in the Levant

Senusret III (1878 BC - 1839 BC) referred to as a warrior-king, also built a temple at Abydos

The construction of the rock-cut tombs in the Valley of the Kings was started

The Seventeenth Dynasty from Thebes defeated the Hyksos and reunited Egypt

New Kingdom Events

The building of the tombs of the Valley of Kings

The great Pharaohs included Queen Hatshepsut (the famous female Pharaoh), Akhenaten, Tutankhamun, Tuthmose and Ramses II

King Akhenaten established a new religious order worshipping the sun god Aten

King Thutmose III 1479 -1425 and Ancient Egypt reached the height of its power when military expeditions brought the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea under Egyptian rule

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