Unit 10 Vertebrates Vocabulary 3

16 terms by 4lesrnmk

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ecology

the study of the interactions of living organisms with one another and with their environment

trophic level

an organisms relative position in a sequence of energy trnasfers in a food chain

producer

organism that can capture energy from sunlight or chemicals and use it to produce food from inorganic compounds; also called an autotroph

consumer

an organism that obtains energy by feeding on other organisms

omnivore

an animal that eats both plants and animals

herbivore

organism that obtains energy by eating only plants

carnivore

Meat eater

decomposer

organism that breaks down the wastes or remains of other organisms

mutualism

a relationship between two species in which both species benefit

predator

animal that hunts and eats other animals

prey

animal hunted or caught for food

parasite

an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant)

host

an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite

niche

(ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)

ecosystem

a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment

food web

(ecology) a community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains

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