Challenge 1 US History: SAT2

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59 terms · Events, dates, and descriptions from SAT2 US HIstory For Dummies Cheat Sheet timeline.

Christopher Columbus

1492-93
Arrives in the Caribbean. Explores Cuba, Haiti.

Hernando de Soto

1539
Discovers the Mississippi River.

Jamestown (VA)

1607
First permanent British settlement in No. Am. Colonized for gold. Had success with tobacco.
John Smith, Pocohantas, Powhaten, John Rolfe
The Starving Time

Plymouth (MA)

1620
Pilgrims arrive from England via Mayflower.
Colonized for religious freedom.
Mayflower Compact, William Bradford

French and Indian War

1754-63
French and NA vs. British and colonists.
Treaty of Paris ends the war.

Sugar and Stamp Acts

1764-65
Br. Parliament imposes and colonists protest.
Taxation without representation.
Stamp Act Congress

Boston Massacre

1770
Colonial mob attacks British troops (8).
Paul Revere's engraving printed.
Night riders

Tea Act, Tea Party, Intolerable Acts

1773-74
Br. Parliament repeals all but Tea Tax.
Colonists respond with tea in Boston Harbor.
Br.Parliament responds with (Coercive Acts).

First Continental Congress

1774

Lexington and Concord (MA)

1775
Revolutionary War begins as regulars march to seize weapons cache that has been moved.

Second Continental Congress

1775

Declaration of Independence

1776
Thomas Jefferson writes the draft.
Delegates of the 2nd CC sign on July 4th.
Thomas Paine, Common Sense

Articles of Confederation

1781
Written at 3rd CC.
Approved by all states.

Treaty of Paris

1783
Britain recognizes American independence.

U.S. Constitution

1787-88
55 men gather to write it. 9 states ratify it.
We're the USA.

First President George Washington

1789

Bill of Rights

1791
Ratified by states.

Louisiana Purchase

1803-04
3rd pres. Jefferson buys territory from France.
Lewis and Clark sent to explore.
Sacajawea

War of 1812

ummm...1812!
War with Britain. Again.
Impressment, burning of WH, Dolley Madison

Missouri Compromise

1820
Congressional trade-off:
Missouri enters as a slave state.
Slavery forbidden north of 36*30' latitude.

Monroe Doctrine

1823
Establishes US domination in the Western Hemisphere in the Era of Good Feelings.

Mexican War

1846-48
US expands to the Pacific coast.
Manifest destiny.
Gold discovered in CA.

16th President Abraham Lincoln

1860
Southern states begin to secede from the Union.

Civil War

1861-1865
The North battles the South to preserve the Union.

Emancipation Proclamation

1862
Lincoln frees slaves in the seceded states.

13th, 14th, 15th Amendments

1865-1870
Congress abolishes slavery and gives rights to African Americans.
Reconstruction

Andrew Johnson Impeachment

1868
House votes to impeach, but Senate acquits 17th president.

Transcontinental Railroad

1869
Completed in Utah.

Chinese Exclusion Act

1882
Congress passes anti-immigration legislation.

Panic of 1893

1893
US economic depression.

Plessy v. Ferguson

1896
Supreme Court rules on segregation:
Separate but Equal.

Spanish-American War

1898
US wins Guam and Puerto Rico and the rights to buy the Philippines.

World War I

1914-18
US enters the war in 1917.

18th & 19th Amendments

1920
Prohibition goes into effect.
Women win the right to vote.

US Stock Market Crashes

1929
Great Depression begins.
Black Tuesday, Dust Bowl, migration, Hoovervilles

New Deal

1933
FDR's bid to revive US economy.

Neutrality Acts

1935-39
Congress responds to imminent war in Europe.

Pearl Harbor

1941
Japan bombs the US naval base at Hawaii.
US enters WWII

Japanese Internment

1942
US confines anyone of Japanese descent.

End of World War II

1945
Germany surrenders to the Allies. US drops bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki to end war in Pacific. United Nations charter adopted.
Manhattan Project, NM

North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

1949
US and 11 other nations form a military alliance.

Korean War

1950-53
US sends troops to Korea as the Cold War escalates.
Soviets, USSR (CCCP), reds

Brown v. Board of Education

1954
Supreme Court rules segregated schools are unconstitutional, overturning Plessy v. Ferguson.
Topeka, KS

Rosa Parks / Bus Boycott

1955-56
Arrested for refusing to vacate bus seat for a white man. Boycott in Montgomery, AL. Supreme Court says segregated public transportation unconstitutional.

Bay of Pigs / Cuban Missile Crisis

1961-62
US forces invade Cuba.
Near-nuclear showdown with the Soviet Union.
JFK, Khrushchev

March on Washington / JFK Assassinated

1963
MLK Jr. leads march for civil rights legislation. President JFK is shot in Dallas, TX.
Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby

Civil Rights Act / Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

1964
Congress passes CR Act.
Approves escalation of troops in Vietnam.

Voting Rights Act

1965
Passed by Congress.

Tet Offensive / MLK Jr. Assassinated

1968
Viet Cong activity increases anti-war sentiment.
MLK Jr. shot in Memphis, TN.

Paris Accords

1973
US troops vacate Vietnam.

Richard Nixon Impeachment

1974
Congress brings charges against Nixon.
He resigns.

Camp David Peace Accords

1978
President Jimmy Carter negotiates a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt.
Menachem Begin, Anwar Sadat

Iran-Contra Affair

1986
Exposed: President Reagan's administration secretly defied Congress and provided arms to Iran for cash to help Nicaraguan rebels.
Oliver North

Berlin Wall Dismantled

1989
Cold War ends.

Persian Gulf War

1991
US forces Iraq out of Kuwait.

Bill Clinton Impeachment

1998-99
House impeaches 42nd president.
Senate defeats it.

Presidential Election: Florida Recount

2000
Al Gore contests George W. Bush's victory and asks for recount. Supreme Court rules this would be unconstitutional.
hanging chad

9/11 and the War on Terror

2001
Muslim terrorists hijack 4 commercial airplanes. 2 are flown into the World Trade Center, 1 hits the Pentagon, and 1 crashes in a Pennsylvania field.
US invades Afghanistan.
Al-Qaeda, Todd Beamer, Let's roll

Iraq War

2003
US enters into war against Iraq.

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