GRK501 Lesson 1 - Vowels and Dipthongs

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GRK501 - Greek 1 from Reformation International Theological Seminary, chapters 1-17 of New Testament Greek for Beginners by Gresham Machen.

Short Vowels

α ε ο ι υ

Long Vowels

α η ω ι υ

Dipthong open vowels

α ε ο

Dipthong close vowels

ι υ

αι

pronounced like long i as in aisle

ει

pronounced like long a in fate

οι

pronounced like oi in oil

αυ

pronounced like ow in cow

ευ

pronounced like eu in feud

ου

pronounced like oo in food

υι

pronounced like uee in queen

ηυ ωυ

are rare and pronounced by drawing sounds of each letter closely together

Iota Subscript Dipthongs

αι ηι ωι (iota is drawn as subscript under each open vowel and has not effect)

Long Dipthongs

αυ ει ευ ου υι

Short Diphthongs (only on the end of a word, otherwise, long)

αι οι

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