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English terms.

Allusion

An indirect reference, often to another text or historical event.

Analogy

An extended reference between to seemingly dissimilar things.

Anaphora

The repetition of words at the beginning of successive clauses.

Antecedent

The noun to which a LATER pronoun refers.

Antimetabole

The repetition of words in an inverted order to sharpen a contrast.

Antithesis

Parallel Structure that juxtaposes contrasting ideas.

Aphorism

A short, astute statement of a general truth.

Appositive

A word or phrase that renames a nearby noun or pronoun.

Asyndeton

Leaving out conjunctions between words, phrases, clauses.

Colloquial/ism

An informal or converastional use of language.

Concession

A reluctant aknowledgement or yielding.

Connotation

That which is implied to the word.

Denotation

The literal meaning of a word.

Diction

Word choice.

Elegiac

Mournful over what over what has passes or been lost; often used to describe tone.

Epigram

A brief witty statement.

Hortatory

Urging or strongly encouraging.

Hyperbole

Exaggeration fro the purpose of emphasis.

Inversion (sentance)

A sentance in which a verb precedes the subject.

Juxtaposition

Placement of two things side by side for emphasis.

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

Metonymy

Use of an aspect of something to represent a whole.

Nominalization

Turning a verb or adjective into a noun.

Pacing

The speed with which a story is told.

Periodic Sentance

A sentence which builds to a conclusion.

Polemic

An argument against an idea.

Polysyndeton

The deliberate use of a series of conjunctions.

Scheme

A pattern of words or sentence construction used for rhetorical effect.

Sentance Variety

Use of a variety of sentence structure for a desired affect.

Straw Man

a logical fallacy that involves the creation of an easily refutable position; misrepresenting, then attacking an opponent's position

Syllogism

deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises

Syntax

Sentance structure.

Synthesize

combine so as to form a more complex, product

Trope

artful diction; the use of language in a nonliteral way; also called a figure of speech

Zeugma

When a word is used with two adjacent words in the same construction, but only makes literal sense with one of them

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