Humanistic psychologist known for his "Hierarchy of Needs" and the concept of "self-actualization"
Famous for the Bobo Doll experiments on observational learning & influence in the Socio-Cognitive Perspective
controversial research on sexual motivation in the 40's and 50's
Described process of operant conditioning
Benjamin Lee Whorf
Famous for describing concept of "liguistic determinism"
an area of the brain (in the left temporal lobe) involved in language comprehension and expression was named for him because he discovered it
his idea, that the genetic composition of a species can be altered through natural selection, has had a lasting impact on psychology through the evolutionary perspective
David Hubel & Torsten Weisel
two Nobel prize winning neuroscientists who demonstrated the importance of "feature detector" neurons in visual perception
American activist who successfully pressured lawmakers to construct & fund asylums for the mentally ill
Famous for "law of effect" and research on cats in "puzzle boxes"
researched rats' use of "cognitive maps"
Her research on memory construction and the misinformation effect created doubts about the accuracy of eye-witness testimony
famous for his hypnosis research & the theory that a "hidden observer" theory
best known for "Weber's Law", the notion that the JND magnitude is proportional to the stimulus magnitude
G. Stanley Hall
first american to work for Wundt; • Founded the American Psychological Association (now largest organization of psychologists in the USA) and became first president
George A. Miller
made famous the phrase: "the magical number 7, plus or minus 2" when describing human memory
(Accidently) described General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS)
Memorized nonsense syllables in early study on human memory
Described process of classical conditioning after famous experiments with dogs
Known for his theory of cognitive development in children
studied taste aversion in rats; led to knowledge that sickness and taste preferences can be conditioned
John Watson and Rosalie Rayner
Early behaviorist; famous for the "Little Albert" experiments on fear conditioning
Margaret Floy Washburn
First female to be awarded a PhD in psychology; 2nd president of the APA (1921)
Mary Whiton Calkins
first female president of the APA (1905); a student of William James; denied the PhD she earned from Harvard because of her sex (later, posthumously, it was granted to her)
Conducted the "HE-ART" experiments with split brain patients
Created concept of "universal grammar", Language Acquisition Device (LAD)
the part of the brain responsible for coordinating muscles involved in speech was named for him, because he first identified it
his survival of a horrible industrial accident taught us about the role of the frontal lobes (okay, he's not really a psychologist...)
researched classical conditioning; found subjects learn the predictability of an event through trials (cognitive element)
like Gazzaniga, studied split brain patients; showed that left/right hemispheres have different functions
Developed psychoanalysis; considered to be "father of modern psychiatry"
Developed "Two-Factor" theory of emotion; experiments on spillover effect
1st Pysch textbook
Conducted first psychology experiments in first psych laboratory
considered to be the founder of Gestalt Psychology
self theory; slient-centered therapy, active listening, unconditional positive regard
Studied sensory memory sub-type - Iconic Memory-with cued recalled tasks
study of facial expressions and emotions; first training tool to improve ability to read microexpressions; studied spontaneous facial expressions in blind individuals; discovered that many facial expressions are innate and not visually learned
Inez Beverly Prosser
first African-American female to receive a Ph.D in psychology
"I think therefore I am"
Founder of structuralism
Student of Plato, tutor of Alexander the Great
one of Socrates' students; was considered by many to be the GREATEST philosopher of western civilization. Plato explained his ideas about government in a work entitled The Republic. In his ideal state, the people were divided into three different groups.
English empiricist philosopher who believed that all knowledge is derived from sensory experience (1632-1704)