Science 6: Temperature, Thermal Energy, and Heat

14 terms by msphipps Teacher

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Vocabulary words for lessons 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, thermal energy, and kinetic theory of matter.

temperature

a measure of the average kinetic energy of all the particles in an object

thermometer

a device for measuring temperature

degree

evenly spaced units used to measure temperature

heat

a flow of energy from an object at a higher temperature to an object at a lower temperature

calorie

the amount of energy needed to increase the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree C

joule (J)

the standard scientific unit used to measure energy

1 calorie = 4.18 joules

specific heat

the amount of energy required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of a substance by 1oC

conduction

The process that moves energy (heat) from one object to another when they are touching

conductor

material that transfers energy (heat) easily

insulator

material that does NOT transfer energy (heat) easily

convection

The transfer of energy (heat) by the movement of particles in liquids and gases

radiation

Energy (heat) travels through empty space on electromagnetic waves (light, microwaves, and infrared light)

kinetic theory of matter

a theory stating that all matter is made of particles in motion

thermal energy

the total amount of kinetic energy of particles in an object

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