The Eastern Roman Empire became known as
a. Byzantine Empire b. Islamic Empire c. Russian Empire d. Turkish Empire
Which city was the meeting place of East and West and the vital link in both land and sea trade Routes? a. Bosporus b. Constantinople c. Rome d. Venice
Justinian Goal durin ghis reign was to: a. conquer the Muslim Kingdom, b. conquer the Russian tribes c. restore the power of the patriarch d. restore the greatness of the Roman Empire
restore the greatness of the Roman Empire
One of the most enduring achievements of the Byzantine Empire was the preservation of which law code? Babylonian, Greek, Roman or Russian
Hagia Sophia means: Holy church, Lady, orthodox or wisdom
The Eastern and Western Churches officially split in which year: A.D. 602, 1054, 1204, 1453
Byzantine church became known as the: Easter, Greek, Russian or Bysantine Orthodox church
Eastern Orthodox Church
The Byzantine secret weapon which would burn on water was called: acid weapon, Greek fire, sulfur water or Bulgar.
The ruler knows as the Bulgar Slayer was: Basil II, Constanine, Justinian, Theodora
The new seventh century threat to the Byzantine Empire was the: Arab Muslims, Greeks, Huns or Slavs.
Constaninople's biggest commercial rival was: Jerusalem, Mecca, Rome, Venice
The Byuzantine army was annihilated by which army at the Battle of Manzikert: Chinese, Ottoman Turk, Roman, Seljuk Turk
Which of the following was NOT a threat to Constantinople: Commercial rivals from the West, Crusaders from West, Mongolians form teh East, Muslims from East
Mongolians from East
The largest group to settle in Russia was the: Huns, Muslims, Slavs, Turks
The Swedish Norsemen who plundered Slavic villages in Russia were: Anglo-Saxons, Huns, Mongolians, Varangians
Slavs invited Varangian rule in which city: Kiev, Moscow, Novgorod, Rurik
In early Russia, what important river was used as a major route for trade with the Bysantine Empire: Danube, Dnieper, Indus, Rhine
Who established the first ruling dynasty in Russia: Kiev, Rurik, Vladimir, Yaroslav
The Slavic alphabet was adapted from the: Arabian, Greek, Roman or Turkish alphabet
Who established Orthodox Christianity as the state religion of Russia: Novogorod, Rurik, Vladimir, Yaroslav
Russian ruler known as the Wise was: Novgorod, Rurik, Vladimir, Yaroslav
After 2 centuries of Mongol rule in Russia, which city rose to power inthe North: Kiev, Novgorod, Moscow, St. Petersburg
Which Mongolian warriors swept in to Russia during the 13th century: Arabians, Huns, Slavs, Tartars
The Muslim Advance in Europe was stopped by the Battle of: Abbasid, Manzikert, Tours, Barcelona
The Umayyad Caliphate and the Abbasid Caliphate differed in that the : Umayyads allowed non-Arabs to hold govt positions, Abbasids allowed non-Arabs to hold govt positions, Abbasids allowed only Arabs to hold govt postions.
Abbasids allowed non-Arabs to hold govt. positions
By 8th century, Muslims had taken on culture that was mostly: Arabian, Oriental, Persian or Roman
Al Raxi and Ibn Sina are best known for their knowledge in the field of: arithmetic, literature, medicine and science
What Byzantine emperor benefited from following his wife's advise not to flee the country?
Who codified the Roman laws?
Byzantine Empire, Justinian code
Who is credited with building of the Hagia Sophia
What was the head of the Orthodox church called?
Which religion threatened the Byzantine Empire through the invasion of the Turkish people?
The Byzantine Empire came to an end when Constantinople was sacked in what year?
Whose army brought about the end of the Byzantine Empire by sacking Constantinople?
Which empire spread orthodoxy to the Eastern cultures and preserved the classical heritage of Greece and Rome?
What was the largest ethnic group living in early Russia?
Who were the Varangians?
Who adopted the Byzantine Orthodox church as the stae religion of Russia?
Give the dates of the birth and death of Muhammad?
What is the name of the sacred shringe in Mecca that houses hundreds of pagan idols?
In what year did Muhammad flee from Mecca to Medina?
The successors of Muhammad were called?
The Muslims were stopped by the Franks from invading France in what battle?
What caliphate settled in Baghdad?
T/F Constantinople's location on the Bosporus allowed it to be the vital link in land and sea trade routes between the East and the West.
T/F The Byzantine Empire, ignoring its Roman heritage, took on an Asian political, legal, and cultural structure.
T/F Both Justinian and Yaroslav are credited with developing law codes during their rules.
T/F Although Justinian is credited with taking the Byz. Empire to its height, he also gets the blame for bringing it to financial ruin.
T/F The Byz patriarch was seen as tehhead of teh state as well as teh protector of the church
T/F The Seljuk Turks brought an end to the BYz Empire by capturing Constantinople in 1454
T/F The Orthodox church turned icons into objects of worship by kissing them and burning incense before them.
T/F The Slavic written language developed through the missionary efforts of the brothers Cyril and methodius.
T/F The Slavs who settled Russia were Swedish Norsemen who swept into Russia and set up rule.
T/F Russia derived its name from the Slavic Rus, meaning "rowers" or "seafarers"
Russian culture shows more signs of Roman influence than of Orthodox influences.
Russian history has always centered on the city of Moscow.
Byz church architecture excelled in its dome structure.
Muhammad fled to Medina because of persecution over the practice of monotheism in Mecca.
Muhammad was able to return to Mecca in peace following his flight in AD 622
The Crusades were the West's efforts to free Christendom from the Muslim Turks.
Wife of Justinian
Missionary to the Slavic Peoples
Largest group of people in Russia
center of the early Russian State
gained control of Novgorod in AD862
Established Russian code of law
Mongolian warriors who controlled Russia for 200 years
made Christianity state religion in Russia
Who moved capital to Damascus
captial at Baghdad
The Arabs traced their beginnings to: David, Isaac, Ishmael, Solomon
At first Muhammad was persecuted in Mecca because of fear that he would: become a leader, conver men to montheism, interfere with profitable business of Black Stone or take over trade in Mecca
interfere with profitable business of Black Stone
Muslins borrowed much of their math knowledge from: China, Greece, India, or Rome
The CENTRAL doctrine taught by the Koran is the belief in: one god, many gods, making pilgrimmages, praying towards Mecca
belief in one god
What aspect of the Judaeo Christian belief impressed and influenced Muhammad: belief in many gods, in one god, in the Trinity, in Christ as the son of God.
Belief in one god
Major problem after Muhammad's death was that: Islam failed to spread, he did not appoint a successor, center of Islam was moved to Jerusalem, he did not write down his teachings
He did not appoint a successor
Muhammed received his ideas for Islam through: reading the Bible, series of visions, An Arabian herdsman, priest in Mecca
Series of visions
The primary authority on Muslim belief and practice is: the Caliph, Koran, muezzin, or Rubaiyat
All of the following are reasons for military conquests made by Muslims EXCEPT: a desire for fertile, productive land, weakness of Byzantine Empire, retaliation for earlier persecution of Muhammad or unification of Arabs around common cause.
retaliation for earlier persecution of Muhammad
Muslim art reached its highest achievement in: architecture, painting, sculpture or none of these
Best examples of Muslim architecture are known as what?
Muslim holy book
Muslim crier who calls the faithful to pray five times daily is called what?
Muslim name for God
The tower of a mosque is called what?
Birthplace of Muhammad
Muslims pray toward and take a pilgrimmage to what city?
The Islamic religion centers are on what large peninsula?
In what city did Muhammad become a spiritual, political and military leader.
What is the Muslim art of beautiful handwriting called
Religion who believe in Submission to Allah
Muhammad's flight to Medina
Muslims were inspired to fight to spread their religion because they were promised entrance into paradise if they were killed in battle
In accepting the idea of one god, Muhammad also accepted the idea of the Trinity.
The Arab struggle in the Middle East is a result of a curse by God on Ishmael.
According to Islamic teaching, Noah, Abraham, David, Jesus and Muhammad are all considered prophets of Allah
The Koran is the record of Muhammad's so called visions from Gabriel