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Partisanship

strong support for a party & its policies

Incumbent

the current office holder

Splinter parties

parties that split from a majority party

Bipartisan

supported by two parties

Electorate

all of the people eligible to vote

Political socialization

process by which people gain their political opinions

Suffrage

the right to vote

Ballot fatigue

a decrease in voting that occurs as voters work through the ballot

Gerrymandering

drawing electoral district lines to limit a group's voting strength

Political efficacy

feeling of one's ability to influence politics

Hard money

contributions given directly to candidates

Open primary

a party's primary in which any qualified voter can vote.

Soft money

contributions to a political parties or other political organizations.

Closed primary

a party's primary in which only declared party members can vote

General election

regularly scheduled elections to make final selections of office holders.

Lobbyist

person who tries to persuade public officials to do what interest groups what them to do.

Public affairs

issues that concern the people at large

Interest groups

group of people who work to shape public policy to their benefit

Labor unions

organization of workers who share the same type of job or who work in the same industry

Public policy

the goals that a government pursues

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