originally comprised of brief poems that were meant to be chanted to the accompaniment of a lyre.
a short, satirical lyric usually aimed at a specific person
a lyric on the occasion of a death
a long lyric in elevated language on a serious theme
poetry whose main function is to tell a story. They contain plots, characters, setting, and point-of-view, and may be discussed in the same terms as a short story.
composed to be chanted at religious rituals by a chorus—forerunner of tragedy.
a speech for a single character usually delivered to a silent auditor.
two personae speak alternatively
the simplest definition- free verse is verse with no consistent metrical pattern. The line length is a subjective decision made by the poet, and length may be determined by grammatical phrases, the poet's own unit of breath, or even visual arrangement on the page.
Concrete or Spatial poetry
a purely visual design for a poem. A concrete poem is one that takes the shape of the object it describes.
patterns for poetry that encompass an entire poem (ex. Sonnet or ballad)
consistent patterns in the individual units of the poem (stanza means room in Italian)
paired rhyming lines (aabbcc...)
a meter of iambic pentameter
a three line stanza
if the lines have a rhyming scheme of (aaa bbb ccc....)
iambic pentameter with the rhyme scheme aba bcb cdc
a four line stanza
alternating lines of tetrameter and trimeter with the rhyme scheme abcb or abab
strictly iambic pentameter
a five line stanza
a six line stanza
a seven line stanza
seven lines of iambic pentameter with a rhyme scheme of abababcc.
eight line stanza
iambic pentameter lines rhyming abababcc
3 line fixed form consisting of five, seven, and five syllables.
a humorous form in which the first line is a person's name and has a rhyme scheme of aa bb.
lines 1, 2 and 5 are anapestic trimester and lines 3 and 4 are anapestic dimeter with a rhyme scheme aabba.