Lord De La Warr
Harsh military governor of Virginia who employed "Irish tactics" against the Indians
daughter of powhatan, acted as an intermediary between settlers and Indians. "Saved" John Smith from execution
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia
Indian who preached to the Iroquois to stop morale decline- started the Longhouse religion
Married Pocahontas and started the planting of tobacco in Jamestown
created the colony of Maryland as a refuge for British Catholics. Ruled from England.
Received a charter from Queen Elizabeth I to explore the American coastline. His ships landed on Roanoke, which became a "lost colony." Half-brother of Gilbert.
established colony of Georgia as a place for honest debtors. tight, strict colony -- alcohol, slaves, and Catholicism forbidden.
The promoter of Englands first attempt at colonization. The effort died when he died at sea in 1583.
Englishman; led the army to overthrow King Charles I and was successful in 1646. Cromwell ruled England in an almost democratic style until his death. His uprising drew English attention away from Jamestown and the other American colonies.
Helped found and govern Jamestown. His leadership and strict discipline helped the Virginia colony get through the difficult first winter.
A country who's population share a common identity.
A company made up of a group of shareholders. Each shareholder contributes some money to the company and receives some share of the company's profits and debts.
the practice of owning slaves
One of the fenced-in or hedged-in fields created by wealthy British landowners on land that was formerly worked by village farmers
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legistlative acts.
Royal document granting a specified group the right to form a colony and guaranteeing settlers their rights as English citizens
slave codes were laws passed by southern slaves to keep slaves from either running away or rebelling. these laws forbade slaves to gather in groups of three of more. they couldn't leave their owner's land without a written pass. slaves were not allowed to own a gun. and unfortunately could not learn to read or write. they could also not testify in court.
man owning small estate; middle-class farmer
(law) someone who owns (is legal possessor of) a business
building used for shelter by Iroquois
One who settles on land without permission or right.
A system of inheritance in which the eldest son in a family received all of his father's land. The nobility remained powerful and owned land, while the 2nd and 3rd sons were forced to seek fortune elsewhere. Many of them turned to the New World for their financial purposes and individual wealth. -- reason second and third sons (Gilbert and Raleigh) sailed to America
person who agreed to work for a colonial employer for a specified time in exchange for passage to america.
The winter of 1609 to 1610 was known as the "starving time" to the colonists of Virginia. Only 60 members of the original 400 colonists survived. The rest died of starvation because they did not possess the skills that were necessary to obtain food in the new world.
First Anglo-Powhatan War
1610- Lord De La Warr of the Virginia Company initiated war with the Indians, ended with the marriage of John Rolfe to Pocahontas
Second Anglo-Powhatan War
Indians last effort to dislodge Virginians, they were defeated. Peace treaty of 1646 stopped any hope of creating native peoples into Virginia society or peace with coexisting.
Act of Toleration
Maryland statute of 1649 that granted religious freedom to all Christians, but not Jews and atheists.
tribe who had helped English settlers in Carolinas with Indian slave trade, but were later annihilated by the colonists when they tried to leave
a powerful group of Native Americans in the eastern part of the United States made up of five nations: the Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Onondoga, and Oneida
Nation where English Protestant rulers employed brutal tactics against the local Catholic population
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Massachusetts Bay colony
1629 - King Charles gave the Puritans a right to settle and govern a colony in the Massachusetts Bay area. The colony established political freedom and a representative government. Absorbed Plymouth community
New York, New Jersey, and Pennsylvania; religious tolerance; city/cosmopolitan life; Quakers led by William Penn in Pennsylvania; bread basket of the colonies; very diverse population; largely friendly with NA's. Various freedoms guaranteed
doctrine of John Calvin that adhered to the idea that each person's fate is predetermined by god
in Calvinist doctrine, those who have been chosen by God for salvation.
A radical reorientation of one's whole life away from sin and evil and toward God. This is a central element of Christ's preaching, of the Church's ministry of evangelization, and of the Sacrament of Penance.
in Calvinism, those who publicly proclaimed their experience of conversion and were expected to lead godly lives.
in Protestantism, the belief that saved individuals have a religious obligation to engage in worldly work.
any belief that is strongly opposed to established beliefs
in opposition to a civil authority or government
an organized civil government or social order united for a shared purpose
absolute or dictatorial rule
nonviolent action or opposition to authority in accord with religious or moral beliefs