Carbohydrates, Proteins, Lipids and Nucleic Acids

25 terms by sheilaa 

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monomer of carbohydrates:

monosaccharide

elements of carbohydrates

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen

glucose

carbohydrate

chemical reaction that bonds two monomers together through the removal of water

dehydration synthesis

lactose

disaccharide

The starch that comes from plants is a...

polysaccharide

The glucose that comes from animals is a...

polysaccharide

use of carbohydrates

energy, structure

elements of a protein:

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur

monomer of a protein:

amino acid

Amino acids differ from their "__" group.

R

How many amino acids are there?

20

What synthesis is used to bond amino acids together?

dehydration synthesis

The uses of a protein are...

enzymes, hormones, structure, transport, fights diseases

the elements of a lipid:

carbon and hydrogen

the monomer of a lipid:

fatty acid and glycerol

all single bonds between carbons (solids)

saturated

double bonds between carbons (oils)

unsaturated

What is the main component of a cell membrane?

phospholipid

The functions of a lipid are...

long term energy storage, part of membrane, chemical messengers

the elements of a nucleic acid:

carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphate

the monomer of a nucleic acid:

nucleotide

Name the 3 parts of a nucleic acid:

phosphate group, 5-Carbon sugar, nitrogen base

DNA has how many chains of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?

2

RNA has how many chain(s) of nucleotides bonded and twisted to one another?

1

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