South Africa Chapter 21 world and its people

23 terms by susanpmi

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South Africa

the most industrialized country in Africa

industrialized country

great deal of manufacturing occurs

Boers

the Dutch that settled in South Africa in the 1600's. The word comes from the Dutch word for farmers

Afrikaners

The Boers, German, Belgian, and French settlers of South Africa.

Afrikaans

language of the Afrikaners

apartheid

In 1948, the whites in South Africa set up this system that made it illegal for different races and ethnic groups to mix, thus limiting the rights of blacks

townships

neighborhoods outside cities

Nelson Mandela

South Africa's first black president

townshipa

neighborhoods outside cities

enclaves

Lesotho and Swaziland are examples of these because they are small countries located inside a larger country (South Africa).

Zambezi

This river crosses the country of Zambia.

copper belt

a large area of copper mines

sorghum

a tall grass whose seeds are used as grain and to make syrup

Harare

the capital and largest city of Zimbabwe

Kalahari

This desert spreads over southwestern Botswana.

fish

Lake Malawi has over 500 species of this, more than any other inland body of water in the world.

Cabinda

Angola includes this exclave.

exclave

a small part of the country that is separated from the main part

slash-and-burn farming

a method of clearing land for planting by cutting and burning forests

cyclone

intense storm system with heavy rain and high circular winds

Maputo

the capital and largest city of Mozambique

Antananarivo

the capital and largest city of Madagascar

Madagascar

This country produces most of the world's vanilla beans.

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