M Canfield Willis - Medical Terminology CH. 6 Diagnostic Set 9

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Marjorie Canfield Willis- Medical terminology Chapter 6 - Musculoskeletal System DIAGNOSTIC

ankylosis

stiff joint condition

arthritis

inflammation of the joints, characterized by pain, swelling, redness, warmth, and limitation of motion. There are over 100 different types.

osteoarthritis

most common form of arthritis that especially affects weight-bearing joints (hip, knee); characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage

rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

most crippling form of arthritis characterized by a chronic, systemic inflammation most often affecting joints and synovial membranes (especially hands and feet) causing ankylosis (stiff joints) and deformity

gouty arthritis

acute attacks of arthritis usually in a single joint (especially great toe) caused by hyperuricemia (excessive level of uric acid in the blood)

bony necrosis, sequestrum

dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply can occur after a fracture

bunion

swelling of the joint at the base of the great toe caused by inflammation of the bursa

bursitis

inflammation of a bursa

carpal tunnel syndrome

condition that results from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel at the wrist, characterized by pain, numbness, and tingling in the wrist and fingers and weak grip; commonly seen as a result of cumulative trauma of surrounding tendons

chondromalacia

softening of cartilage

epiphysitis

inflammation of the epiphyseal regions of the long bone

fracture (Fx)

a broken or cracked bone

closed fracture

a broken bone with no open wound

open fracture

compound fracture; a broken bone with an open wound

simple fracture

a nondisplaced fracture involving one fracture line that does not require extensive treatment to repair (ex. hairline, stress, or crack)

complex fracture

a displaced fracture that requires manipulation or surgery to repair

fracture line

line made by broken bone (ex. oblique, spiral, or transverse)

comminuted fracture

broken in many little pieces

greenstick fracture

bending and incomplete break of a bone - most often seen in children

herniated disk or disc

protrusion of a degenerated or fragmented intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes, causing compression on the nerve root

myeloma

bone marrow tumor

myositis

inflammation of muscle

myoma

muscle tumor

leiomyoma

smooth muscle tumor

leiomyosarcoma

malignant smooth muscle tumor

rhabdomyoma

skeletal muscle tumor

rhabdomyosarcoma

malignant skeletal muscle tumor

muscular dystrophy

a category of genetically transmitted diseases characterized by progressive atrophy muscles (most common is Duchenne's)

osteoma

bone tumor

osteosarcoma

type of malignant bone tumor

osteomalacia

disease marked by softening of the bone caused by calcium and vitamin D deficiency

rickets

osteomalacia in children (causes bone deformity)

osteomyelitis

infection of bone and bone marrow causing inflammation

osteoporosis

condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity, causing bones to become brittle and liable to fracture

kyphosis

abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback condition)

lordosis

abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)

scoliosis

abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)

spondylolisthesis

forward slipping of the lumbar vertebra

spondylosis

stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae due to joint degeneration

sprain

injury to a ligament caused by joint trauma but without joint dislocation or fracture

subluxation

a partial dislocation

tendinitis, tendonitis

inflammation of the tendon

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