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Mrs. Folk's 7th Grade AA English class

catalyst

1. a substance that causes or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected.
2. something that causes activity between two or more persons or forces without itself being affected.
3. a person or thing that precipitates an event or change
4. a person whose talk, enthusiasm, or energy causes others to be more friendly, enthusiastic, or energetic.

refrain

1. to abstain from an impulse to say or do something
2. to curb.
3.a phrase or verse recurring at intervals in a song or poem, especially at the end of each stanza; chorus.
4. a. a musical setting for the end of a poem.
b.any melody.
c.the principal, recurrent section of a rondo.

lethargic

drowsy; sluggish.

augury

1. the art or practice divination.
2. the rite or ceremony of an augur.
3.an omen, token, or indication.

blandish

1.to coax or influence by gentle flattery; cajole
2.to use flattery or cajolery.

tempestuous

1.characterized by or subject to tempests
2.of the nature of or resembling a tempest
3. tumultuous; turbulent

dirge

1. a funeral song or tune, or one expressing mourning in commemoration of the dead.
2. any composition resembling such a song or tune in character, as a poem of lament for the dead or solemn, mournful music
3.a mournful sound resembling this4.the office of the dead, or the funeral service as sung.

goad

1.a stick with a pointed or electrically charged end, for driving cattle, oxen, etc.; prod.
2.anything that pricks or wounds like such a stick.
3.something that encourages, urges, or drives; a stimulus.
4.to prick or drive with, or as if with, a prod; incite

subtle

1. thin, tenuous, or rarefied, as a fluid or an odor.
2.fine or delicate in meaning or intent; difficult to perceive or understand
3. delicate or faint and mysterious
4. requiring mental acuteness, penetration, or discernment
5.characterized by mental acuteness or penetration
6. cunning, wily, or crafty
7. insidious in operation
8. skillful, clever, or ingenious

dilapidation

1.to cause or allow (a building, automobile, etc.) to fall into a state of disrepair, as by misuse or neglect (often used passively)
2.to squander; waste.
3.to fall into ruin or decay.

proceed

1. to move or go forward or onward, especially after stopping.
2. to carry on or continue any action or process.
3. to go on to do something.
4. to continue one's discourse.

5.Law .
a. to begin and carry on a legal action.
b. to take legal action

6. to be carried on, as an action or process.
7. to go or come forth; issue
8. to arise, originate, or result COLLAPSE

9. a. something that results or accrues.
b. the total amount derived from a sale or other transaction: The proceeds from the deal were divided equally among us.
c. the profits or returns from a sale, investment, etc.

acrid

1. sharp or biting to the taste or smell; bitterly pungent; irritating to the eyes, nose, etc.
2. extremely or sharply stinging or bitter; exceedingly caustic

presentiment

a feeling or impression that something is about to happen, especially something evil; foreboding.

understate

to state or represent less strongly or strikingly than the facts would bear out; set forth in restrained, moderate, or weak terms

foolhardy

recklessly or thoughtlessly bold; foolishly rash or venturesome.

specter

1. a visible incorporeal spirit, especially one of a terrifying nature; ghost; phantom; apparition.
2. some object or source of terror or dread

corrode

1. to eat or wear away gradually as if by gnawing, especially by chemical action.
2. to impair; deteriorate

productive

1. having the power of producing; generative; creative
2. producing readily or abundantly; fertile
3. causing; bringing about (usually followed by of )
4. producing or tending to produce goods and services having exchange value.
5. readily used in forming new words, as the suffix -ness.

shortcoming

a failure, defect, or deficiency in conduct, condition, thought, ability, etc

rejuvinate

1. to make young again; restore to youthful vigor, appearance, etc.
2. to restore to a former state; make fresh or new again

3. Physical Geography .
a. to renew the activity, erosive power, etc., of (a stream) by uplift or by removal of a barrier in the stream bed.
b. to impress again the characters of youthful topography on (a region) by the action of rejuvenated streams.

4. revive

vain

1. excessively proud of or concerned about one's own appearance, qualities, achievements, etc.; conceited
2. proceeding from or showing personal pride
3. ineffectual or unsuccessful; futile
4. without real significance, value, or importance; baseless or worthless
5. senseless or foolish.

6. a. without effect or avail; to no purpose
b. in an improper or irreverent manner

serenade

1. a complimentary performance of vocal or instrumental music in the open air at night, as by a lover under the window of his lady.
2. a piece of music suitable for such performance.
3. to entertain with or perform this

deter

1. to discourage or restrain from acting or proceeding
2. to prevent; check; arrest

languid

1. lacking in vigor or vitality; slack or slow
2. lacking in spirit or interest; listless; indifferent.
3. drooping or flagging from weakness or fatigue; faint.

infirmity

1. a physical weakness or ailment
2. quality or state of being infirm; lack of strength.
3. a moral weakness or failing.

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