American Government Exam Vocab (Part 2)

29 terms by Mikomistars 

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Free Exercise Clause of 1st Amendment

Government can't stop me from practicing my religion unless i break a law.

Establishment Clause of 1st Amendment

The US cannot establish an official religion

2 types of speech, define them

1)Pure Speech-verbal thought in front of a crowd that chooses to listen
2)Symbolic Speech-using symbols to express ideas

Bad Tendency

The SC can prohibit freedom of speech if it has a bad tendency to produce illegal action.

Preferred Position Doctrine

1st amendment rights are more fundamental than other rights.

Slander

Spoken lies

Libel

Written words

Fighting speech

Speech that indicates violence

Defamatory Speech

Telling lies that defames character

Student Speech

Schools can regulate the school newspaper etc. Freedom of speech for students are less in schools

Prior Restraint

Censorship of material before it's published

Shield Law

Law that protects anomynous sources in 20 out of 50 states

Exclusionary Rule

States that illegally obtained evidence cannot be used in the federal courts

Double Jeopardy

Forbids a defendant from being tried again for a similar charge.

Equal Protection

Every citizen is guaranteed equal protection under the law

Rational basis test

Government can discriminate against a group but they have to have a rational reason for discriminating.

2 Examples of "Rational Basis test" clause

Driving age, boy/girl's bathrooms etc

Suspect Classification

Made because of race or ethnicity. One has to hae a good reason for this

Discrimination

Unfair treatment b/c of race, gender, age, religion etc

Fundamental Rights

...

Jim Crow Laws

Laws requiring racial segregation in places like school, buses, hotels

Afirmative Action

Government policies that awards jobs and other benefits to minorities in order to make up for past discriminations

Autocracy. Give examples

Power is in the hands of one person (Ex:king of saudi arabia, Libya)

Oligarchy. Give examples

Power is in the hands of a small group of people (Ex: China)

Direct democracy. Give examples

The people fully govern themselves by voting on issues as citizens (Ex: Ancient Greece)

Representative democracy. Give examples

The people elect representatives to govern them (Ex:The US)

Non partisan Elections

Elections where candidates appear on a ballot w/o a party label

Constituents

People in the districts that the Representatives represent.

Laissez-faire principle

Government keeps its hand of the economy

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