vocab unit 9 with pos, syn, ant, pronunciation, and definition

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aBATE

(v) to make less in amount, degree, etc
to subside, become less
to nullify
to deduct, omit

abate

syn: diminish, decrease, subside, let up

abate

ant: intensify, increase, magnify, wax

aduLAtion

(n) praise or flattery that is excessive

adulation

syn: adoration, diolization, hero-worship

adulation

ant: ridicule, derision, scorn, odium

aNATHema

(n) an object of intense dislike
a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)

anathema

syn: malediction, imprecation, abomination

anathema

ant: benediction, blessing

asTUTE

(adj) shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom

astute

syn: shrewd, acute, sagacious, judicious, wily

astute

ant: obtuse, doltish, empty-headed, dumb

AVarice

(n) a greedy desire, particularly for wealth

avarice

syn: cupidity, rapacity, acquisitiveness

CULpable

(adj) deserving blame, worthy of condemnation

culpable

syn: guilty, delinquent, peccant, blameworthy

culpable

ant: blameless, innocent, laudable, meritorious

DILatory

(adj) tending to delay or procrastinate, not prompt
intended to delay or postpone

dilatory

syn: stalling, slow, tardy, laggard

dilatory

ant: prompt, punctual, speedy, expeditious

eGREGious

(adj) conspicuous, standing out from the mass (used particularly in an unfavorable sense)

egregious

syn: glaring, flagrant, blatant

egregious

ant: unnoticeable, paltry, piddling

eQUIVocate

(v) to speak or act in a way that allows for more than one interpretation
to be deliberately vague or ambiguous

equivocate

syn: to talk out on both sides of one's mouth, palter hedge

equivocate

ant: to speak one's mind plainly

evaNESCent

(adj) vanishing, soon passing away
light and airy

evanescent

syn: ephemeral, transient, transitory

evanescent

ant: everlasting, immortal, imperishable

irRESolute

(adj) unable to make up one's mind, hesitating

irresolute

syn: indecisive, vacillating, wavering

irresolute

ant: determined, decisive, unwavering

NEBulous

(adj) cloudlike, resembling a cloud
cloudy in color, not transparent
vague, confused, indistinct

nebulous

syn: hazy, fuzzy, cloudy, vague, murky, opaque, indeterminate

nebulous

ant: definite, distinct, clear, sharply focused

NOVice

(n) one who is just a beginner at some activity requiring skill and experience (also used adjectivally)

novice

syn: neophyte, tyro, trainee, apprentice

novice

ant: veteran, past master, pro, expert

PENury

(n) extreme poverty
barrenness, insufficiency

penury

syn: destitution, want, indigence

penury

ant: affluence, abundance, luxury, opulence

preTENtious

(adj) done for show, striving to make a big impression
claiming merit or position unjustifiably
making demands on one's skills or abilities, ambitious

pretentious

syn: inflated, ostentatious, affected

pretentious

ant: unassuming, unaffected, modest

recaPITulate

(v) to review a series of facts
to sum up

recapitulate

syn: review, summarize, sum up, go over

reSUSCitate

(v) to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence

resuscitate

syn: revitalize, reanimate, restore, reactivate

SLOVenly

(adj) untidy, dirty, careless

slovenly

syn: unkempt, slatternly, slipshod, lax

slovenly

ant: neat, tidy, carefull, meticulous

suppoSItion

(n) something that is assumed or taken for granted without conclusive evidence

supposition

syn: assumption, presumption, hypothesis

TORpid

(adj) inactive, sluggish, dull

torpid

syn: sluggish, lethargic, otiose, languid

torpid

ant: energetic, dynamic, vigorous

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