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three classes of slaves

1. field hands
2. domestics
3. artisans

field hands

80% of slaves, 1/3 of population

domestics

ex. butler, maid, coachman, nanny, streamstress

artisans

speacialities: bricklayers, carpenter, blacksmiths

field hands

picked cotton, corn, or sugarcane

domestics

lived in "Big House"

artisans

loaned to other plantations

field hands

worked 6 days a week; 12-14 hours a day
average: 300 pounds of cotton a day

domestics

considered "Upper Class"

living conditions

1-2 room "shanties"
log cabins for several families

clothes

about 2 outfits per year
(about $10.00 per slave

disease/medical

owner spent $1-$8 per year

disease/medical

malnutrition, cold, smallpox, pheumonia

disease/medical

field hand> heat stroke

disease/medical

domestic> overwork;exhaustion, stress

urban slaves

city slaves

urban slaves

worked for bussiness owners:
> blacksmiths, bricklayers, cook, maid

urban slaves

some freedom around town

slave codes

could not possess liqour or weapons

slave codes

could not assemble

slave codes

could not travel without pass

discipline

common to whip (dog attack, burning)

discipline

goal: leave life long scars

harsh for running away

300 lashes

muder a white

hang

education

95% illiterate

religion

owners stress humility and obedience

the slavery dispute

kansas - nebreska act

the slavery dispute

john brown> harpers ferry

the slavery dispute

1860 election- lincoln (a repubilican) was elected

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