AP Government

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The text argues that political power is inextricably bound with

political purposes

Individuals have power when they are able to

get others to do what they want them to do

The text notes a tendency for issues that once were ____ to become _____

private; public

By "authority" the authors mean

the right to use power

Formal authority refers to a right to exercise power that is derived from a(n)

governmental office

The primary source of legitimate political authority in the United States is the

U.S. Constitution

The author cites the early presidential administration, the Civil War, and the New Deal as examples of

what constitutes legitimate authority

The text suggests that in the United States, no government at any level would be considered legitimate if it were not in some sense

democratic

Which delegate to the Constitutional Convention was worried that the new government that he helped to create might be too democratic?

Alexander Hamilton

The term democracy was first associated with

Aristotle

The term participatory democracy applies most accurately to which of the following societies

Greece in the fourth century BC

The Greek city state, or polis, extended the right to vote to everyone except

all of the above (slaves, women, minors, those without property)

In recent times, Aristotle's ideal of democracy has been most closely approximated by

the New England town meeting.

Representative democracy allows individuals to gain political power through

competitive elections

Democracy was defined as the competitive struggle for people's votes by

Joseph Schumpeter

Representative democracy is sometimes disapprovingly referred to as the ____ theory of democracy

elite

All of the following are requirements for representative democracy except that

political resources are distributed in a roughly equal manner (there most be opportunity for genuine leadership competition, individuals and parties must be able to run for office. voters must perceive that a meaningful choice exists, and communication must be free)

DEMOCRACY IN THE UNITED STATES IS DISTINGUISED FROM MANY EUROPEAN DEMOCRACIES BY THE FACT THAT, IN THE UNITED STATES

MORE PEOPLE PARTICIPATE IN THE ELECTORAL PROCESS

In a referendum, citizens epress their opinions about issues with

the ballot

Which statement best reflects the views of the Framers of the Constitution

The government should mediate, not mirror, popular views

The Founders assumed that the representative democracy would

prevent sweeping changes in policy and often proceed slowly

ELITE THORY IS ASED ON ALL OF THE FOLLOWING PREMISES EXCEPT WHICH ONE

...

Those who possess a disproportionate share of political power are defined as

political elites

C. Wright Mills, Karl Marx, and Max Weber are cited in the text as theorists who attempted to explain the

behavior of political elites

Which of the following was not an important source of theories explaining political elites

Sigmund Freud

Marxists claim that, in modern society, the two major classes contending for power are the

capitalists and workers

Marxists refer to those who own the means of production as

the bourgeoisie

In Marxist ideology, the term bourgeoisie refers to

workers

THOSE WHO BELIEVE THAT THE GOVERNMENT IS A LITTLE MORE THAN A FRONT FOR MAJOR CORPORATE INTERESTS WOULD MOST LIKELY BE ATTRACTED TO THE THINKING OF

...

Which theorist suggested that a coalition of three groups dominates politics and government

C. Wright Mills

C. Wright Mills suggested that the most important policies are set by

corporate leaders, top military officials, and a handful of key political leaders (All of the above)

C. Wright Mills was concerned that a coalition of three groups dominated politics and government. He labeled the members of this coalition "the..."

"power elite"

MAX WEBER MIGHT REMIND AN INDIVIDUAL WHO IS UPSET AT THE PROSPECT OF RADICAL CHANGE IN LAW AND POLICY FOLLOWING A PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION THAT

...

IN ESSENCE, MAX WEBER'S APPROACH TO THE STUDY OF PWER SUGGESTS, IF ANYTHING, THAT WE SHOULD BE CAREFUL NOT TO PLACE TOO GREAT AN EMPHASIS ON

...

Which statement best summarizes the viewpoint of Max Weber

In effect, government bureaucrats effectively make public policies

THE PLURALIST VIEW OF POLITICAL REALITY EMPHASIZES THE ______ OF POLITICAL RESOURCES

...

Which of the following conceptualizes the widest distribution of political power or places it in the largest number of hands?

The pluralists

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS ABOUT POLITICAL POWER OR "WHO GOVERNS" IS MOST ACCURATE?

...

Explain the difference between power and authority

...

Compare and contrast two calssic definitions of democracy

...

Explain the Founding Fathers view of direct democracy and the "will of the people"

...

Indentify that factors that must be present for majoritarian politics to be in play

...

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING STATEMENTS REGARDING THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION IS INCORRECT

...

Equality was the goal of

the French Revolution

The principle goal of the American Revolution was

liberty

One of the basic liberties sought by the colonists through independence from Great Britain was

freedom from taxation without representation

In 1776, one important reason colonists regarded independence as a desirable alternative was that they

no longer had confidence in the British constitution

The liberties that the colonists fought to protect were based on

natural rights

The colonists fought to protect liberties that they believed were

(all of the above) discoverable in human nature, essential to human progress, ordained by God, based on "higher law"

The author of the Declaration of Independence was

Thomas Jefferson

"Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness" were

Jefferson's variation on commonly listed rights

The list of the essential rights demanded by the colonists included life, liberty, and

property rights

An unalienable right is based on

nature and Providence

The only explicit reference to slavery in the Declaration of Independence was with regard to the

king's incitement of slave insurrections

WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT AMONG THE IDEAS THAT UNDERLAY THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION

...

A CENTRAL PREMISE IN THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE COLONISTS WAS THAT LIBERTY

...

THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION ATTEMPTED TO CREATE A

...

ALL OF THE FOLLOWING WERE TRUE OF THE GOVERNMENT NDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION EXCEPT THAT

...

UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION, DELEGATES TO THE NATIONAL LEGISLATURE WERE

...

UNDER THE ARTICLES, CONGRESS COULD APPOINT KEY ARMY OFFICERS BUT THE ARMY WAS

...

Under the Articles of Confederation, the national government could

run the post office

John Hancock was elected to the position of "president" under the Articles, but he did not even show up for the job because

the office featured no significant powers and was generally meaningless

UNDER THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION AMENDMENTS HAD TO BE

...

THE PURPOSE OF THE NEW CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION OF 1787 WAS TO

...

In part, the Federalist papers contain the results of various forms of government assembled by

James Madison

The Pennsylvania constitution was notable for

being very democratic.

The Pennsylvania constitution was

hailed by philosophers in France

Shay's Rebellion, an early test of the powers of the Articles of Confederation, took place in

Massachusetts

The effect of Shays's Rebellion on attendance by delegates at the planned Constitutional Convention of 1787 was to

encourage attendance by delegates fearing the collapse of state governments

IF A NEW CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION WERE CALLED TODAY AND THE DELEGATES MODELED THEIR BEHAVIOR PRECISELY ON THAT OF THE DELEGATES TO THE ORIGINAL CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION, THE FIRST GROUP TO BE OUTRAGED BY THE DELEGATES' BEHAVIOR WOULD PROBABLY BE

...

Among those who were conspicuously absent from the Constitutional Convention were

Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry

Who said that he "smelled a rat" and would not attend the Constitutional Convention?

Patrick Henry

LOCKE'S NOTION OF THE "STATE OF NATURE" MIGHT BEST BE EXEMPLIFIED TODAY BY

...

Locke suggested that the chief limitation on government should derive from the fact that it

is created by the consent of the governed

The presiding officer at the Philadelphia convention was

George Washington

THE CENTRAL ISSUE IN THE FRAMING OF THE US CONSTITUTION WAS THAT OF

...

Under the Virginia Plan, acts of the national legislature could have been vetoed by

a council of revision

According to the Virginia Plan, proposed at the Constitutional Convention, all state laws would be

subject to veto by a national legislature

The New Jersey Plan was a reaction by some states primarily to the fear that

the Virginia Plan gave too much power to populous states

The New Jersey Plan would have allotted votes in Congress to states on the basis of

equality

THE GREAT COMPROMISE FINALLY ALLOCATED REPRESENTATION ON THE BASIS OF

...

The importance of the Great Compromise was that it

ensured support for a strong national government from small as well as large states

The Great Compromise was supported by the votes of delegates from ____ states

five

The goal of the Framers of the US constitution was to create a(n)

republic based on a system of representation

An amendment can be proposed by

either a two-thirds vote of both houses of Congress or a national convention called by Congress a the request of two thirds of the states

The nature of the amendment process has probably kept the amendments added to the U.S. Constitution

legally complex in nature

Those powers that are given to the national government exclusively are _____ powers

...

Those powers that are given exclusively to the states are ____ powers

reserved

Collecting taxes, building roads, borrowing money, and having courts would be example of ____ powers

concurrent

SEPARATION OF POWERS AND FEDERALISM WERE TWO KEY PRINCIPLES IN THE FRAMING OF THE US CONSTITUTION. THESE TOW PRINCIPLES ARE RELATED IN THAT EACH

...

RATIFICATION OF THE U.S. CONSTITUTION TOOK PLACE BY

...

The text suggests the Federalist might have been more accurately called the

nationalists

The text suggests that the Antifederalists might have been more accurately called the

states' righters

JAMES MADISONS MAIN ARGUMENT IN FAVOR OF A FEDERALIST POSITION, STATED IN FEDERALIST NO 10 AND NO 51 WAS IN DEFENSE OF

...

THE US CONSTITUTION CONTAINED NO BILL OF RIGHTS BECAUSE, AMONG OTHER THINGS

...

RATIFICATION OF THE US CONSTITUTION WAS OPPOSED BY

...

It quickly became clear that the Constitution would not be ratified without at least the promise of

a bill of rights

THE BILL OF RIGHTS TO THE US CONSTITUTION WAS INTENDED TO IMIT THE POWER OF

...

The U.S. Constitution failed to outlaw slavery because

southern support was essential to the adoption of the document

Three-fifths of the slaves were counted for purposes of

allotting seats in the House of Representatives

Charles A. Beard's economic interpretation of the US. Constitution concluded that two major economic interests were present at the time of the Constitutional Convention; the dominant group included

those holding government IOU's

Describe the eleven years between the signing of the Declaration of INdependence and the signing of the Constitution

...

Identify some of the key structural features and power arrangements in the Articles of Confederation

...

Explain John Locke's view of human rights and the state of nature

...

Summarize the major features of the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan

...

Identify four or five checks that the Congress has in relation to the executive

...

Identify and explain the three types of governmental powers in our country

...

What are some plausible explanations for why the Framers did not attach a Bill of Rights to the Constitution they created in Philadelphia?

...

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