A war like, middle mesopotamian kingdom that controlled a large empire from about 850 to 612 B.C.
On the outside walls of a building - sculpture that is not freestanding or fully three-dimensional, but rather projects from the surface
Site of the oldest high civilization in the ancient Near East and traditional homeland of Abraham. Civilization produced agriculture.
The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next
Nomad; stone age/stone artifacts; twining, braiding, weaving, coiling to strengthen material. cave paintings
Ritual linked with prayer to placate nature.
By 8,000 B.C.E. New Stone age; people began to farm and domesticate animals and more permanent societies began to arise.
A circle of stones having a religious purpose.
A circle of stones or posts.
Post and lintel
A system of construction in which two posts support a lintel (beam) going across them.
A large arc of rich farmland extended from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea.
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
Writing systems designed to represent words or ideas with a visual image representing the concept
A temple tower of the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories
Sloped walls that are self buttressing
Small holes in the masonry that allow water to flow from a structure.
Worship of multiple gods and goddesses.
Attributing human characteristics or qualities to objects, animals, or gods
The Epic of Gilgamesh
The first epic in literature. It is the story of a powerful king, Gilgamesh, who seeked immortality.
An ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
Around 2375 BC, King Sargon of this country conquered the Sumerians and formed the world's first empire (although it was a very small one); this place is located centrally in the Fertile Crescent between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
The largest and most important city in Mesopotamia. It achieved particular eminence as the capital of the Amorite king Hammurabi in the eighteenth century B.C.E. and the Neo-Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar in the sixth century B.C.E. (p. 29)
Statues in the Round
Freestanding sculptures that can be seen on all sides.
A Babylonian king who conquered Jerusalem,and built the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Originated in Elam, modern day western Iran. An empire that overtook Mesopotamia and Egypt.
The universe is divided between two forces; good and evil.
Line of rulers from the same family
Series of Egyptian dynasties consisting of 3-6.
Series of Egyptian dynasties consisting of 11-14
New Kingdom, Empire
Series of Egyptian dynasties consisting of 18-20
Form of ancient writing developed by the Nile River valley people by about 3000 B.C
Characters in hieroglyphics that represent separate ideas instead of oral sounds.
The indestructible essence or vital principal of each person.
A process of embalming and drying corpses to prevent them from decaying
A small concealed chamber in Egyptian mastaba for the statue of the deceased for the Ka to find
Early burial places of old kingdom nobility. Rectangle buildings with slanted walls.
The Great Pyramids
Built in the 4th Dynasty at Giza. Designed to soar to the heavens.
Book of the Dead
An Egyptian writing describing what the dead would have to go through to reach the afterlife.
The Great Sphinx
Statue protecting the pyramid of Khafre depicted with the head of the king and the body of a lion