AAP Unit01 Lecture02

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Lecture 02 with Terri H

G double

Gene base pair C bonds with ?? and contains ?? bonds

T triple

Gene base pair A bonds with ?? and contains ?? bonds

proteins

Enzymes are ?? (lipids/proteins)

46

How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) A?

46

How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) B?

23

How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) C?

23

How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) D?

23

How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) E?

23

How many chromosomes at label (Meiosis01) F?

4

Spermatogenesis results in ?? functional sperm cells

1

Oogenesis results in ?? functional egg cell

ova

Largest single cell in the human body

seminiferous tubules

Where does spermatogenesis occur?

meiosis

Process which creates spermatids from spermatocytes

mitochondria

The midpiece of sperm is made of ?? wrapped around the shaft

spermiogenesis

Maturation of spermatids to sperm is called ??

in utero

Oogenesis begins ?? ??

metaphase I

Oocytes stall at what stage in the ovaries in utero

secondary

One ?? oocyte gets ovulated from the ovary

meiosis II

?? ?? only occurs when a sperm breaks through the zona pellucida

polar body

Remaining 3 oocytes that were not developed in the oocyte maturation process are called ?? ??

fertilization

Term for when the pronuclei comes together

zygote

After the oocyte is fertilized it is called a ??

14

Ovulation occurs ?? days before the end of the menstrual cycle

acrosin

Hard shell covering the head of sperm

corona radiata

About 3000 diploid cells that surround the egg

hyaluronidase

Enzyme that is contained in the acrosin to destroy corona radiata cells

hemorrhagicum

Corpus ?? is a blood clot that fills the follicle pit after ovulation

luteum

Corpus ?? replace the CH and produces hormones

albicans

Corpus ?? is a white scar left when the corpus luteum cells die

follicle

Any ova that has a nucleus depicted in the ovaries

follicle stimulating hormone

?? ?? ?? stimulate the ovarian follicle production and estrogen release

luteinizing hormone

stimulates follicle production, estrogen release in the fallopian tube and progesterone release

lutiel surge

Name given to large spike in LH causing ovulation

adrenal glands

Testosterone is made in females in the ?? ??

androsterone

Hormone synthesized in the liver and is quite similar to testosterone

cholesterol

ALL steroids are created from ??

estrogens

Female hormones are collectively called ??

androgens

Male hormones are collectively called ??

child birth

Estrogen is the highest ever in a woman just before ?? ??

prepares prevents

Progesterone ?? for and maintains pregnancy and ?? uterine contractions

progesterone

Sudden drop in this hormone during pregnancy often results in miscarriage

luteinizing hormone

What hormone is label (Menstrual01) A?

estrogen

What hormone is label (Menstrual01) B?

progesterone

What hormone is label (Menstrual01) C?

low

Menstrual cycle: days 1-7: all hormones are ?? having blood and tissue discharged from uterus

do not

Females ?? ?? have a refractory period after orgasm

increase follicle

Menstrual cycle: days 7-14: estrogen levels ?? and ?? and uterine lining develop

LH surge decline

Menstrual cycle: day 14: ?? ?? occurs causing ovulation and estrogen is in ??

LH

Menstrual cycle: day 14-21: ?? declines, estrogen and progesterone increase

decline

Menstrual cycle: day 21-28: all hormones ??

PMS

Another name for last week of menstrual cycle (three letters)

sensitivity

Female genitalia become engorged with blood during arousal to increase ??

oxytocin

Muscle contractions during both male and female orgasm is caused by increase in this hormone

is not

Orgasm ?? (is/is not) essential for conception in a female

point and shoot

Memory vehicle to remember that the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) is first followed by the sympathetic nervous system for male arousal

nitric oxide

PNS causes release of ?? ?? causing the erectile tissue in the penis to fill with blood during male arousal

corpora cavernosa

?? ?? is primarily responsible for male erection during intercourse

corpus spongiosum

?? ?? primarily keeps the ureter open during ejaculation

impotence

Term for inability to attain an erection

high cholesterol

Most common cause of erectile dysfunction

infundibulum

Most fertilization occurs in this portion of the fallopian tube

3 6

Blastocyst implants in the uterus ? to ? days after fertilization

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