Human Geography Theories
4 Written Questions
3 Multiple Choice Questions
- Theory that states that to profit well from agriculture the farms must have either a low production cost crop or be as close to market as possible so as to utilize the lowest possible transportation cost.
- Central vacuums resources and uses area around for labor core periphery
- Transport costs vary with the bulkiness and perishability of the product. Product A is costly to transport but has a high market price and is therefore farmed near the city. Product B sells for less but has lower transport costs. At a certain distance, B becomes more profitable than A because of its lower transport costs. Eventually, product C, with still lower transport costs, becomes the most profitable product. The changing pattern of the most profitable produce is therefore seen as a series of land use rings around the city.
3 True/False Questions
Neo Malthusian → Population grows geometrically, while resources grow arithmetically; crisis point when population exceeds carrying capacity; mechanistic, apolitical; ignores distribution problems and technological innovation
George Perkins Marsh → Marsh argued that deforestation could lead to desertification. Referring to the clearing of once-lush lands surrounding the Mediterranean, he asserted "the operation of causes set in action by man has brought the face of the earth to desolation almost as complete as that of the moon."
Rostows Stages of Development → Central vacuums resources and uses area around for labor core periphery