Artworks painted in Venice during the renaissance give evidence of ____ being a regular feature of Venetian society.
Willaert 1527 Ducal
Adriaan ____ was appointed as maestro di cappella at St Mark's in ____ by ____ intervention
Josquin des Prez
Adriaan Willaert brought the music of ____ __ ____ to St. Mark's
Giovanni ______ composed with the ordered uniformity of the counter-reformation, without complex Flemish influence or influence from ____ themes.
The ____ Chapel was the centre of music in the city. Music composed here would spread to other churches or festivities in the region.
An example of the kind of celebration that the Venetian state would put on is that which welcomed ____ III of France in ____
Many composers at St. Mark's would write (_____) madrigals and _____, further enhancing the institution's musical reach.
cori spezzati Adriaan Willaert
The double choir (or ____ _____ ) was first introduced by ____ _____, and was later used by composers such as Giovanni Gabrieli and Claudio Monteverdi
Maestro di capella
The main roles at the Ducal Chapel were the _____ __ _____ and the first and second organist.
1550 1610 1580 brass strings
The 'Venetian School' describes the composers in the city between ~___ and ~___. The peak of musical creation there was in the ____s with Andrea & Giovanni Gabrieli composing large scale works with choirs, ___, ___ and organ.
Adriaan madrigal Nova 25 26 motets Petrarch
____ Willaert led the development of the Italian ____. In 1559 his work 'Musica ___' contained __ madrigals and __ _____. The madrigals were contrapuntal, structured works which were to be taken seriously. Their text was almost entirely from _____.
Baroque 16 Claudio Seconda Prattica unprepared dissonances
The madrigal (which was quite a loose term) pushed musical boundaries towards the ____ period at the end of the __th century. _____ Monteverdi was a key figure, bending the traditional rules of counterpoint in a way that he described as the '____ _____'. For example, he wrote ______ ______.
Francesco Petrarch father humanism 1453 Greek fall of Constantinople
Whilst ______ Petrarca (____) is considered to be the _____ of ________ and an early pioneer of renaissance values, it wasn't until ____ (with an influx of ___ scholars due to the ___ __ _______) that Italy became a central force in the renaissance movement.
Good Burgundy Feast of the Pheasant Turks
Philip the ___, Duke of ______ hosted an event called the '____ __ ___ _______' in 1454 in order to gain support for a crusade against the ____. This is a good example of the way music and spectacle were taken advantage of for political objectives.
Lament of the Holy Mother Church of Constantinople Guillaume Dufay
At the Feast of the Pheasant, a piece entitled '_____ __ ___ _____ ______ _____ __ ________' by ______ ____ was likely performed.
Guillaume Medieval Renaissance isorhythmic Nuper rosarum flores 1436 multiple vocal parts numerically
___ Dufay straddled the _______ and the ______ periods. The changing conventions are reflected in his music. For example, he composed '______ motets' (including ____ _______ _____, written for the inauguration of Florence Cathedral's dome in ____) until they became unfashionable (due to their juxtaposition of _____ ___ ____ and their _______-based structure.
The _______ developed at the same time as the frottola, which was strophic, as opposed to through-composed. The _____ saw the same music accompanying changing text.
There was a strong relationship between madrigals and _______.
Florence 16 Adriaan Willaert printing
The madrigal was born in ____ and Rome. It appeared in Venice by the mid-__th century, where _____ ______ led the genre's development. By this time, Venice had established itself as the ____ centre of Europe.
Venice 1480 staves Ottaviano Petrucci stem
The first example of mensural music printing was in ____ in ___. Only the notes and clef were printed, leaving the ____ to be drawn on. In 1498 O_____ P_______ was given an exclusive 20-year license to print and sell music for voices, organ and lute throughout the Venetian Republic. He transformed music printing, paying great attention to detail and establishing notation conventions that are still used today (such as the note ____ being the length of four spaces on the stave).