An individual who has training in specific aspects of advanced life support, such as intravenous therapy, and the administration of certain emergency medications.
Advanced Life Support
Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now being provided by the EMT.
Americans With Disabilities Act
Comprehensive legislation that is designed to protect individuals with disabilities against discrimination.
Automated External Defibrillator
A device that detects treatable life-threatening cardiac arrhythmias (ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia) and delivers the appropriate electrical shock to the patient.
Continuous Quality Improvement
A system of internal and external reviews and audits of all aspects of an EMS system.
Emergency Medical Dispatch
A system that assists dispatchers in selecting appropriate units to respond to a particular call for assistance and in providing callers with vital instructions until the arrival of EMS crews.
Emergency Medical Responder
The first trained individual, such as a police officer, fire fighter, lifeguard, or other rescuer, to arrive at the scene of an emergency to provide initial medical assistance.
Emergency Medical Services
A multidisciplinary system that represents the combined efforts of several professionals and agencies to provide prehospital emergency care to the sick and injured.
Emergency Medical Technician
An individual who has training in basic life support, including automated external defibrillation, use of a definitive airway adjunct, and assisting patients with certain medications.
Federal legislation passed in 1996. Its main effect in EMS is in limiting availability of patients' health care information and penalizing violations of patient privacy.
The delivery of medication directly into a vein.
National EMS Scope of Practice Model
A document created by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) that outlines the skills performed by various EMS providers.
An individual who has extensive training in advanced life support, including endotracheal intubation, emergency pharmacology, cardiac monitoring, and other advanced assessment and treatment skills.
Primary Service Area
The designated area in which the EMS service is responsible for the provision of prehospital emergency care and transportation to the hospital.
Public Safety Access Point
A call center, staffed by trained personnel who are responsible for managing requests for police, firefighting, and ambulance services.
The responsibility of the medical director to ensure that the appropriate medical care standards are met by EMTs on each call.