world history

Created by hall116 

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final exam (BRUGGERS) 8*w

What is Polytheism?

The belief in many gods

what is a shaman?

a healer.

what was the silk road?

an ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean (4,000 miles)

who was Liu Bang

He was the first Han emperor

Wudi

Chinese emperor who brought the Han dynasty to its greatest strength

what is Bureaucracy?

an organizational model rationale designed to perform complex tasks efficiently

who was Ashoka?

grandson of Chandragupta Maurya; , Third ruler of the Mauryan Empire in India (r. 268-232 B.C.E.). He converted to Buddhism and broadcast his precepts on inscribed stones and pillars, the earliest surviving Indian writing.

what were the Khanates?

four divisions of the Mongol world - Chaghadai, Persia, Kipchak (Golden Horde), and Yuan dynasty in China

Yuan Dynasty

Dynasty in China set up by the Mongols under the leadership of Kublai Khan, replaced the Song (1279-1368)

What are the main points of Hinduism?

Caste, Karma and Reincarnation, 3 main gods (vishnu,shiva,brahma)

Angkor Wat

a temple complex built in the Khmer Empire and dedicated to the Hindu God, Vishnu.

Ghana, Mali, Songhai, Mansa Musa, and Sundiata are?

Empires and kingdoms of west africa.

Kilwa and Great zimbabwe where

City-States of East Africa

Pax Mongolica

Era of relative peace and stability created by the Mongol Empire

Genghis Kahn

Mongol ruler

Steppe

flat dry land in high altitude

Pastoralists

Nomads who kept livestock

Kublai Kahn

Genghis Kahn's son who ruled the Yuan dynasty

Yuan dynasty

Chinese Empire ruled by Kublai kahn

Kamakura shogunate

The first of Japans Military leaders

the Khmer empire

A southern asia empire that is the site of Angkor Wat

Koryu Dynasty

a dynasty that ruled Korea from A.D. 935 to 1392. Wealth based on rice production.

Tang dynasty

dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618 - 907 AD; China expands from Vietnam to Manchuria

Shinto

the native religion and former ethnic cult of Japan

Bushido

the way of the warrior

Dai Viet

Nam, back in the day.

Mauryan Empire

the first empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya

Gupta empire

Golden Age of India; ruled through central government but allowed village power; restored Hinduism

Han Dynasty

imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time) from 206 BC to 221 and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy

Chandragupta Maurya

founder of the Mauryan Empire

Kalidasa

one of India's greatest writers

Shankuntala

one of Kalidasa's best pieces of work

Xiongnu

nomads who terrorized the border and were defeated by Wudi. Lived in the steppes or grasslands north of China. Were the biggest threat to security.

civil service

the group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government

assimilation

to become like something else around you.

Religious toleration

acceptance of religious differences

Egypt

a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971

kush

an ancient nubian kingdom whose rulers contolled egypt between 2000 and 1000 B.C.
(hold on wait a minute, lemme put some kush up in it)

Axum

trading center, and powerful ancient kingdom in northern present-day Ethiopia

Jackson

was here

Nok

West Africa's earliest known culture

what was Bantu?

an ancient language

the neolithic revolution

When the neolithic people began to use weapons and trade was established

Gobekli Tepe

Ritual center used by hunter-gatherers
Oldest known public architecture
Stone have carvings of foxes, lions, scorpions, and vultures
Stone circles appear

River valley civilization

Civilizations that began springing up along rivers around 3500 BCE; started in Middle East

Artifact

an object made by human beings; often refers to a primitive tool or other relic from an earlier period

Nomad

a member of a group that settles briefly in one place and then moves on to another

Domestication

the taming of animals for human use, such as work or as food

Irrigation

a way of supplying water to an area of land

hierarchy

a group organized by rank

Dynasty

a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family

Mandate of heaven

a political theory of ancient China in which those in power were given the right to rule from a divine source

ancestor worship

worship of ancestors

Empire

a group of diverse companies under common ownership and run as a single organization

what are the main points of Buddhism

Gautama, nivana, enlightment

what are the main points of Confucianism

kung fu tzu, Proper behavior, education

what are the main points of judaism

Torah, hebrew people,moses

what are the main points of christianity

Jesus, connections to judaism

what are the main points of islam

Mohammed, connections to Judaism and christianity

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