the application of science to law
branches of science used in forensics
chemistry, biology, physics, and geology
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
published the first Sherlock Holmes novel, "Study in Scarlet" in 1887
father of forensic toxicology
father of criminal identification
a systematic procedure of taking a series of body measurements as a means of distinguishing one from another
undertook the first definitive study of finger prints and developed a methodology of classifying them for filing
devised a procedure for determining the blood group of a dried bloodstain. blood groups or types are now recognized as A, B, AB, and O
refined the technique of firearms examination by utilizing the comparison microscope
fundamental principles of document examination
wrote the first thesis describing the application of scientific disciplines to the field of criminal investigation
became the founder and director of the Institute of Criminalistics at the University of Lyons which became the leading international center for study and research in forensic science
Locard's Exchange Principle
Locard believed that when a criminal came in contact with an object or person, cross-transfer of evidence occurred
Federal Bureau of Investigation
in 1932, the FBI under direction of J. Edgar Hoover, organized a national laboratory
Los Angeles Police Department
houses the oldest forensic laboratory in the U.S
when the Innocence Project was created
Barry Scheck and Peter Neufeild
who created the Innocence Project
how many exonerations?
how many on death row?
# of exonerations in Louisiana
what is the #1 cause of the conviction of innocent people?
Combined DNA Index System
25,000 a year
compensation in Louisiana?
compensation cap in Louisiana?
do all states compensate the wrongfully convicted person?
which state has the most exonerations? and how many?
how many cases has the actual perp been found?