chapter 25 study guide

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The tremendously rapid growth of American cities in the post Civil War decades was

a trend that affected Europe as well

The major factor in the drawing country people off the farms into the big cities was

the availability of industrial jobs

One of the early symbols of the dawning of consumerism in urban America was

the rise of large department stores

Which of the following has the least in common with the other four?

bedroom communities (in common are slums, dumbell tenements, flophouses, and the "Lung Block"

The new immigrants who came to the US after 1880

were culturally different from previous immigrants

Most Italian immigrants to the US between 1880 and 1920 came to escape

the poverty and slow moderization of southern Italy

A "bird of passage" was an immigrant who

came to America to work for a short time and then returned to Europe

Most New Immigrants

tried to preserve their Old Country culture in America

According to the social gospel

the lessons of Christianity should be applied to solve the problems mainfest in slums and factories

The early settlement house workers, such as Jane Addams and Florence Kelley, helped to blaze the profession trail for

social workers

Settlement houses such as Hull House engaged in all of the following activities except

instruction in socialism (engaged in child care, instruction in English, cultural activities, and social reform lobbying)

The place that offered the greatest opportunites for American women in the period 1865-1900 was

the big city

In the 1890s, positions for women secretaries, as department store clerks, and telephone operators were largely reserved for

the native born

Labor unions favored immigration restriction because most immigrants were all of the following except

opposed to factory labor

The American Protective Association

supported immigration restrictions

The religious denomination that responded most favorable to the new immigration was

Roman Catholic

Charles Darwin's theory of evolution

cast serious doubt on a literal interpretation of the Bible

Religious Modernists

found ways to reconcile Christianity and Darwinism

Americans offered growing support for a free public eductaion system

because they accepted the idea that a free government cannot function without educated citizens

Booker T Washington believed that the key to political and civil rights for African Americans was

economic independence

The post Civil War era witnessed

an increase in compulsory school attendance laws

As leader of the African American community, Booker T Washington

grudgingly acquiesced to segregation

That a "talented tenth" of American blacks should lead the race to full social and political equality with whites was the view of

WEB Dubois

The Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862

granted public lands to states to support higher education

Black leader Dr. W.E.B. Dubois

demanded complete equality for African Americans

In the decades after the Civil War, college education for women

became much more common

Which of the following schools became a prominent scholarly academic institution for African Americans in the late 1800s

Howard University

During the Industrial revolution, life expectancy

measurably increased

The philosphy of pragmatism maintains that ______ is/are important

the practical consequences of an idea

In a country hungry for news, American newspapers

became sesationalist

Henry George found the root of social inequality and social injustice in

landowners who gained unearned wealth from rising land values

Henry George argued that the unearnful windfall profits of those who did not work for them should be

confiscated by government taxation

General Lewis Wallace's book Ben Hur

defended Christianity against Darwinism

Match each of the late 19th century writers with the theme of his work

Lewis Wallace - anti Darwinsim support for the Holy Scriptures: Horation ALger - success and honor as the products of honesty and hard work; Henry James - psychological realism and the dilemmas of sophisticated women; William Dean Howells - contemporary social problems like divorce, labor strikes, and socialism

American novel writing turned from romanticism and transcendentalism to rugged realism as a result of the

materialism of industrial society

The Comstock Law was intended to advance the cause of

sexual purity

In the decades after the Civil War, changes in sexual attitudes and practices were reflected in all of the following except

the fact that Americans were marrying at an earlier age

In the course of the late 19th century

family size graduatlly declined

By 1900, advocates of women's suffrage

argued that the vote would enable women to extend their roles as mothers and homemakers to the public world

One of the most important factors in leading to an increased divorice rate in the late 19th century was the

stresses of urban life

The National American Women Suffrage Association

limited its membership to whites

THe subject of the 18th Amendment was

prohibition

The term Richardsonian in the late 19th century pertained to

architecture

During industrialization, Americans increasingly

fell into the ways of lockstep living

THe various racial and ethnic groups in large cities, though living in different neighborhoods, shared which of the following activities

all of the above (shopping, reading, popular show business, sports)

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