Music 6-10

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34 terms

form

organization of musical elements in time; concerned principally with the structure and coherence of a musical work

repetition

verbatim restatement of something heard earlier in a work

contrast

substantial change in a work, usually in more than one element

variation

the compositional technique of applying changes to one or more elements of a musical work

binary form

two-part form in which both the first and the second parts are typically repeated

rounded binary form

two-part form in which the second part needs with a substantial or complete restatement of the first part

variation form (theme and variations)

form that typically begins with a theme, with the rest of the work being an intdeterminate number of variations based on the melody, harmony, and/or other musical elements of the theme

strophic form

vocal form in which different lyrics are sung to each repetition of the same melody

style

a consistent and comprehensive set of choices that define a body of music from a time, place, culture, or creative entity (a composer, performer, or group)

secular music

nonsacred music

vernacular

everyday language of a particular region

chanson

secular French song of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries

chant

monophonic liturgical music

organum

early polyphonic music with a simple secondary part added to a chant melody

tenor

basic melodic part in chant, in which each note was held far longer than usual

heterophony

musical texture in which two or more instruments simultaneously play different versions of the melody

guild

association of professionals with common interests or concerns

Divine Office

periods of daily prayer in monasteries, which occurred at regular intervals in the day, from sunrise to after sunset

plainchant (chant)

music used in both the Mass and the Divine Office

Gregorian chant

the most widely used chant in western Europe

syllabic

used to describe chant text setting having one note per syllable of text

neumatic

used to describe chant text setting that generally has two to four notes per syllable

melismatic

used to describe the most elaborate form of text setting, in which a single syllable may be sustained for many notes

antiphon

chant with prose text, sung before and sometimes after a psalm

drone

note continuously sounding throughout a piece or a large section of a piece

chivalry

code of behavior expected oft eh medieval noble class

courtly love

rigid medieval social protocol in which a man could think of having an adulterous relationship with a woman but could not consummate it

minstrel

multifaceted entertainer who, by the thirteenth century, was typically an instrumentalist usually attached to a court

troubadours

poet-musician who wrote and sang about courtly love

rondeau

multipart song with a recurrent refrain

mensural notation

notation developed into the mid-thirteenth century that, for the first time, indicated specific rhythmic relationship as well as pitch

estampie

dance for couples, popular in France and Italy from the twelfth through the fourteenth centuries

cantus firmus

preexisting melody that serves as the starting point for a polyphonic composition

ABA form

three-part form featuring an opening section, a contrasting middle section, and the repetition of the opening section

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