Psychological approach developed by Sigmund Freud. Emphasizes the interplay of unconscious psychological processes in determining human thoughts, feelings, and behavior.
Primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychological activity.
The governing principle of the id.
Psychic energy or desire.
The conscious mind that attempts to satisfy the Id's impulses while obeying society's rules.
The governing principle of the ego
Part of the unconscious mind that determines what is right and what is wrong.
Unconscious mental operations, used by the Ego, that distort reality in order to reduce anxiety.
Stages in which a part of the body becomes a child's main source of pleasure.
Psychosexual stage in the first year of life, in which the mouth is the center of pleasure.
Psychosexual Stage during the second year of life, where the ego begins to evolve.
Psychosexual Stage from lasting from age 3 to 5. Boys develop the Oedipus Complex and girls develop the Electra Complex.
A young boy's sexual desire for his mother, and desire to kill his father.
A young girl's sexual desire for her father and hatred for her mother.
Psychosexual Stage at age 5, when sexual impulses are dormant.
Psychosexual Stage that lasts from adolescence until death, in which sexual desires reappear.
A man's envy towards women for their ability to carry and give birth to a child.
Theory that states an infant's early relationships with significant objects shape its personality.
States that personality is the combination of stable internal characteristics that an individual display constantly throughout his or her life.
Allport's term to describe the 7 basic descriptive traits of a person.
The less obvious characteristics of an individual's personality.
The model contains the five factors that make up personality; Openness to Experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism
Openness to Experiences
Part of the Big-Five Model, the tendency to have a wide variety of interests.
Part of the Big-Five Model, the trait of being painstaking and careful.
Part of the Big-Five Model, the tendency to be outgoing and confident.
Part of the Big-Five model, the trait of being warm and cooperative.
Part of the Big-Five model, the trait of being self-conscious and anxious.
According to Hans Eysenck, one of the basic personality factors. Specifically, whether or not a person is shy and reserved or confident and outgoing.
One of Hans Eysenck's factors of personality. Specifically, the degree of how anxious and neurotic and anxious a person is.
Behavioral Approach Systems
The brain structures that lead an organism to approach stimuli in pursuit of rewards
Behavioral Inhibition Systems
The brain structures that are sensitive to punishment and discourages behavior that might lead to danger or pain
Approach to personality that equates personality with behavior.
Employed by B.F Skinner to understand behavior in terms of its functions to achieve rewards and avoid punishment.
The mutual influences between personality and environmental factors.
A person's belief that they will succeed.
Cognitive Person Variables
According to Walter Mischel, traits that are important in explaining behavior.
One of the Cognitive Person Variables;Mental representations of information that is seen and heard.
One of the Cognitive Person Variables; Personal predictions about the outcomes of behavior
One of the Cognitive Person Variables; Influences on the word around you.
One of the Cognitive Person Variables; The objectives a person would like to achieve.
One of the Cognitive Person Variables; The morals and beliefs of a person.
One of the Cognitive Person Variables; Special capabilities of a person.
Approach that defines personality as how each individual perceives and interprets the world.
Carl Roger's concept; The innate inclination toward growth that motivates all human behavior.
How a person identifies and views themselves.
Positive feelings of others that shape the development of a person's self-concept.
Conditions of Worth
Believing you are only worth something under if certain condition. (EX: Mom won't love me unless I take out the trash.)
According to Maslow, a preoccupation with perceived needs for things a person does not have.
According to Maslow, a tendency to draw satisfaction from what is available in life, rather than to focus on what is missing.
Personality test that contains clear, specific questions with specific answers.
Projective Personality Tests
Type of personality test that is unstructured stimuli that can be perceived and responded to in many ways,