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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. drainage
  2. pulmonary embolism
  3. cachexia
  4. cardiovascular considerations
  5. assessment of activity
  1. a the removal of fluids from a body cavity, wound or other source of discharge by one or more methods
  2. b level of alertness, cardiovascular and motor status
  3. c ill health, malnutrition and wasting as a result of chronic disease
  4. d signs and symptoms: sudden chest pain, dyspnea, tachycardia, cyanosis, diaphoresis, and hypotension. INTERVENTIONS: HOB 45 degrees, O2, notify physician
  5. e prevents thrombus, embolus, and infarct, leg exercises, antiembolism stockings, sequential compression devices

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. that branch of medicine concerned with diseases and trauma requiring operative procedures
  2. restores function or appearance to traumatized or malfunctioning tissue
  3. 3-4 days for bowel activity to return; assess bowel sounds: 5-30 gurgles per minute
  4. assess every two hours for distention; report no urine output after 8 hours, measures to promote urination: running water, hands in warm water, ambulate to bathroom, males stand to void; accurate intake and output, 30 mL per hour minimum
  5. vital signs checked every 15 minutes; respiratory and GI function monitored; wound evaluated for drainage and exudate; pain medicaiton given as needed; transfer to nursing unit must be approved by the anesthesiologist or surgeon

5 True/False Questions

  1. proteinsbeings before surgery and follows through the postop period; inlude the patient in planning


  2. preoperative checklistinclude patient and family, 1-2 days before surgery, clarify preoperative and postop events, surgical procedure, informed consent, skin preparation, GI cleanser, time of surgery area to be transferred, frequent vital signs, dressings, equipment, turning, coughing, deep breathing exercises, pain medication prn, lab tests i.e, urinalysis, CBC, blood chem profile, electrolytes, diagnostic imaging chest xray, EKG


  3. holding area (preanesthesia care unit)results in loss of sensation in an area of the body; nerve block, spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, IV anesthesia


  4. later postop phase incisionvital signs, IV, incisional sites, tubes, postop orders, body system assessment, side rails up, call light in reach, position on side or HOB up 45 degrees, emesis basin at bedside; note amount and appearance of emesis; npo until ordered and patient is fully awake; assess for signs and symptoms of shock


  5. implementationnursing interventions before and after surgery physically and psychologically prepare the patient for the surgical procedure


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