Parts of the cell vocab MIDYEAR REVIEW

13 terms by maher720

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cell organelles

Cytoplasm

material inside the cell membrane—not including the nucleus

vacuole

cell organelle that stores materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates

DNA

holds the genetic info of the cell

nucleolus

small, dense region within most nuclei in which the assembly of proteins begins

nucleus

controls all the cell's activities

ribosome

small particle in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and protein

smooth ER

enzymes that perform specialized tasks

rough ER

protein synthesis, channels proteins to golgi apparatus

golgi apparatus

stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum

cell membrane

thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell

mitochondria

cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use

centriole

one of two tiny structures located in the cytoplasm of animal cells near the nuclear envelope

lysosome

cell organelle filled with enzymes needed to break down certain materials in the cell

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