DNA- Deoxyribonucleic Acid- shape
Building block (monomer) of nucleic acid polymers.
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine
RNA- Ribonucleic Acid- shape
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, Uracil
Complementary base pairing rules
Cluster of proteins and nucleic acids that constructs proteins in a cell.
Process by which DNA template is used to produce a single-stranded RNA molecule.
Process by which a sequence of nucleic acids in RNA is used to direct the production of a chain of specific amino acids.
Unit of inherited information in DNA.
Polypeptide: Chain of linked amino acids.
Protein: Polymer constructed from a set of 20 amino acid monomers.
Base substitution, insertion, deletion