First named composer of polyphonic music
Wrote the Great Book Of Organum Music for the entire year in the new style
Revised Leonin's book
Began adding second and third lines above the chant melody
Adam de la Halle
Important trouvere. Work: Jeu de Robin et de marion which has songs for soloists and choruses, and instrumental dances., (1235-1288)
Mid 13th Century
Phillippe de Vitry
Wrote an essay called ars nova which came to be used as a generic label for 14c music, A composer and theorist, major founder of Ars nova style of composition and notational system
Hildegard von Bingen
first female composer; sequence; used her own poetry; all monophonic, composed "Ordo Virutem", earliest named composer known for visions, youngest of 10, sacrificed to the church, composer glorified mary (1098-1179), a nun (abbess) who created the first oratorios
a Benedictine monk, used a four-line staff as a reference for the pitches (essentially developed the alphabet of music)., Taught sight-singing using his hand as a reminder of pitch, Invents lined notation
Singers can be taught to read music, not just learn by listening "by rote"
Beginnings of Musical Composition
(c. 1370 - between 10 June and 13 July 1412) was a Flemish composer and music theorist of the late Middle Ages who worked most of his adult life in Italy, particularly in the service of the Papal Chapels and at the cathedral of Padua.