What is cancer of the white blood cells called?
What is the cause of pernicious anemia?
Diffency of B-12 or lack of entrinsic factors
What condition of white blood cells does an infection often cause?
Leukocytosis- Elevated white blood cell count
What is hemostasis?
Stopage of bleeding
What is the first stage of hemostasis?
What is the second stage of hemostasis?
Platlet plug formation
What is the third stage of hemostasis?
What is a thrombus?
a clot that develops and persists in an unbroken blood vessel
What is thrombosis and how does it effect the heart?
Blood clot in coronary artery and #1 cause of heart attack
What is an embolus?
Traveling blood clot
What is a pulmonary embolism?
Traveling blood clot in the lungs
What is a cerebral embolism?
Traveling blood clot in the brain
What is tPA?
Tissue Plasminogen activator
What is iron-deficiency anemia?
Lack of Iron in the blood
What is hemolytic anemia?
Break down cells before you can regenerate
What is agglutination?
RBC's group together by the antibodies
What is aggregation?
RBC's group together by the platlets
What does serotonin do when released from platelets?
What is aplastic anemia?
No blood cells being made
What can renal failure lead to and why?
Anemia. Lack of EPO's
What is Hemophilia?
Sex linked genetic factor. Lack of clotting factor
What do basophils release?
What do neutrophils attack?
What is hemopoiesis (hematopoiesis)?
Production of blood cells and platlets
What is ferritin?
Iron storage compound in the Liver
What are perivascular tissues?
Tissue near the blood vessels
What is thrombin?
Enzyme converts fibrenogen to fiber
What is sickle cell anemia?
genetic disease, defective hemoglobin
What is Ca+2 and its relation to blood clotting?
Calcium Ion, Have to have CA+2 in the pathways for clotting
What is albumin?
Most abundant plasma protein, resposible for COP
What is fibrinogen?
Clotting protein, most important. 4%
What is the buffy coat?
Less than 1% of blood, Leukocytes and platlets
What is factor X?
Both the pathways meet. activates prothrombin to thrombin
What is hemolytic disease of the newborn?
premature rupture of RBC's
What is plasminogen and when will it be converted to plasmin?
Plasma protein. When breakdown of the clot
What do eosinophils attack?
What is a hemocytoblast?
Stem cell of blood line
What is a megakaryocyte?
large cell that ruptures to form platlets
What is a blood transfusion reaction?
Wrong blood given. agglutination occurs
What is jaundice?
Yellowing of the eyes and skin due to excess filirubin
What is the ATP production source in erythrocytes?
What are monocytes?
WBC's that become macrophages in the tissue
What is Fe+2?
Ferrous form of Iron Ion
What is EPO?
Erythropoieten, stimulates RBC production, 85%kidney, 15%liver
What is TPO?
What are colony-stimulating factors?
Stimulate WBC production
What is hemolysis?
Rupture of RBC
What is hemorrhage?
What is hemolytic anemia?
premature rupturing of RBC causing lack of hemoglobin
What is collagen's significance in blood clotting?
Exposure to collogen causes platelets to stick together
What is prostacylin?
coating inside blood vessel to keep platelets from sticking
What is Coumadin (warfarin)?
Anticoagulant, inhibits vitamin K
What is thromboxane A2?
Promotes platelet aggregation
What is colloid osmotic pressure?
COP. pressure from plasma proteins in the blood
What is polycythemia?
Excessive RBC causing increased viscosity
What is vitamin K?
vitamin which is required for proteins involved in blood clotting
What is fibrinolysis?
breakdown blood clots
What are plasma proteins?
proteins that stay in the plasma
What is the total blood volume in an adult female?
What is the total blood volume in an adult male?
Where is the erythrocyte graveyard?
What is the life span of RBC's?
What is Serum?
plasma minus clotting protein.
The study of the blood is
The production of the formed elements of the blood is
Blood line stem cells are called
Nonprotein entities in hemoglobin with Fe+2 in the center of the ring is a
The oxygen-carrying protein in the blood with four polypeptide chains is
The rupture of red blood cells is called
The stoppage or cessation of bleeding consisting of three phases is called
The loss of a large amount of blood from blood vessels is called
The percentage of whole blood volume composed of erythrocytes is the
A sex-linked inherited deficiency of a clotting factor, types A and B, is
Hormones that regulate blood cell differentiation and proliferation are
hemopoietic growth factors
The most common problem with Rh incompatibility is
Red blood cells are also called
White blood cells are also called
The watery liquid matrix of blood is called
The liquid left after removal of clotting proteins from blood plasma is called
The cream-colored zone of centrifuged blood containing WBCs and platelets is
Albumins (60%), globulins (36%), and fibrinogen (4%), make up the
The ferric form of iron, which stomach acid converts to ferrous form, is
The ferrous form of iron present in hemoglobin, is
The plasma protein that combines with iron for its transport is called
The iron-storage complex formed in the liver is
A deficiency of erythrocytes or functioning hemoglobin is called
An excess of RBCs with a hematocrit 65% or higher, is called