LATIN MIDTERM PEOPLE

Created by cynicalwhimsy 

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31 terms

Julius Caesar

Dictator who took over Rome with his army, only to be assassinated.

Gaius Octavianus (Augustus)

Julius Caesar's heir. Ruled the Roman Empire for many years.

Cleopatra

Queen of Egypt. Had an affair with Julius Caesar. Married Antony. Killed herself by getting an asp to bite her.

Echo

Nymph who deceived Hera and had her voice taken away apart from repeating others. Fell in love with Narcissus.

Eurydice

Wife of Orpheus. Died. Orpheus failed to save her from the Underworld.

Pompey

Roman general. Part of the First Triumvirate. Later fought against Julius Caesar. Was assassinated in Egypt.

Catiline

Politician who tried to overthrow the Senate.

Lepidus

Politician who became a mediator between Antony and Augustus and later formed the Second Triumvirate with them.

Marcus Antonius

Formed an alliance with Augustus and Lepidus in the Second Triumvirate, but was later killed by Augustus.

Marcus Crassus

Provided financial support to Julius Caesar. Third member of the First Triumvirate.

Cicero

Roman orator who verbally condemned Catiline.

Narcissus

Conceited hunter who fell in love with his own reflection.

Orpheus

Married to Eurydice. When she died, followed her into the Underworld and charmed Hades with his music. Was unable to keep himself from looking back, and lost her again.

Parthians

Group of people who were often at odds with the Roman Empire.

Ptolemy

Egyptian king who assassinated Pompey to win Julius Caesar's favor. It backfired.

Actium

Location of final battle between Augustus and Antony.

Aegyptus

Egypt. Eventually overtaken by the Roman Empire.

Campus Martius

Field outside of Rome used for training.

Gallia

First territory given to Julius Caesar as a consul.

Palaeopharsalus

Location of the battle wherein Julius Caesar defeated Pompey.

aedile

Roman official in charge of games.

consul

Highest elected official (two at a time) ruling for a year.

cursus honorum

Course that a Roman politician followed on his climb to the top.

dictator

Unelected official ruling alone in emergency times for six months.

empire

Period of Rome started by Augustus.

monarchy

When a king rules. First period of Rome.

praetor

Roman judge.

quaestor

Roman official in charge of financial affairs.

Republic

Middle period of Rome, ended with Julius Caesar.

Senate

Elected representatives in charge during the republic.

Tribune

Roman official in charge of the Plebeian Counsel.

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