APUSH Ch 28

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Strengthen the State

battle cry of the progressives

Henry Demarest Lloyd

charged headlong into the Standard Oil Company with his book Wealth Against Commonwealth

Thorstein Veblen

assailed the new rich with his prickly pen in The Theory of the Leisure Class

Jacob A. Riis

Danish immigrant and reporter for the New York Sun, who shocked mid-class Americans in 1890 with How the Other Half Lives (about slums)

Theodore Dreiser

battered promoters and profiteers in The Financier and The Titan

Lillian Wald

feminist in New York who led the fight to improve family living and working in cities

muckrakers

magazine dirt-diggers

Lincoln Steffens

brilliant NY reporter who launhced a series of articles in McClure's titled "The Shame of the Cities"

Ida M. Tarbell

journalist who published expose of the Standard Oil Company

Thomas W. Lawson

speculator who had made 50mill on stock market himself and exposed his accomplices in Frenzied Finance

David G. Phillips

wrote series The Treason of the Senate

Harvey W. Wiley

chief chemist of the Dpmt of Agriculture who performed experiments on himself with his famous "Poison Squad"

17th Amendment

established the direct election of US senators

Galveston, Texas

pioneered expert staffed commissions that managed urban affairs

Wisconsin

the state that was a laboratory of reform

Robert M. (Fighting Bob) La Follette

gov of Wisconsin who was the most militant of progressive Republican leaders

Hiram W. Johnson

Repub gov of CA that helped break dominant grip of the Southern Pacific Railroad on CA politics

Charles Evans Hughes

reformist Repub gov of NY who gained national fame as investigator of malpractices

Women's Trade Union Leagues, National Consumers League, Children's Bureau, Women's Bureau

Through which organizations did Female activists agitate?

Florence Kelley

former resident of Hull House; became first chief factory inspector of Illinois; took control of National Consumers League

National Consumers League

mobilized female consumers to pressure for laws safeguarding women and children in the workplace

Muller v. Oregon

Louis D. Brandeis persuaded S. Ct to accept constitutionality of laws protecting women workers by presenting evidence of harmful effects on women's weaker bodies

Lochner v. New York

invalidated a NY law establishing a 10hr day for bakers

Triangle Shirtwaist Company

in NYC; many died from violations of the fire code

Anti-Saloon League

ally of the WCTU in antiliquor campaigning

control of the corporations, consumer protection, conservation of natural resources

what were the 3 C's that Roosevelt embraced?

George F. Baer

spokesman of mine owners that reflected ungerous employers

Department of Commerce and Labor

created in 1903 - idea of Roosevelt

Bureau of Corporations

authorized to probe businesses engaged in interstate commerce

Interstate Commerce Commission

proved to be inadequate

Elkins Act

heavy fines could now be imposed both on railroads that gave rebates and shippers that accepted them

Hepburn Act of 1906

free passes were severely restricted

Northern Securities Company

challenged by Roosevelt; railroad holding company organized by JP Morgan and James J Hill

William Howard Taft

actually busted more trusts than TR

Upton Sinclair

wrote The Jungle; described the unsanitation of food products

Meat Inspection Act

decreed that the preparation of meat shipped over state lines would be subject to fed inspection

Pure Food and Drug Act

designed to prevent the adulteration and mislabeling of foods and pharmaceuticals

Desert Land Act

fed govmt sold arid land cheaply on the condition that the purchaser irrigate the soil within 3 years

Forest Reserve Act

most successful act of conservation; authorized prez to set aside public forests as national parks and other reserves

Carey Act

distributed federal land to the states on the condition that it be irrigated and settled

Gifford Pinchot

head of the federal Division of Forestry

Newlands Act

authorized govmt to collect money from the sale of public lands in the sun-baked western states and then use these funds for development of irrigation projects

Roosevelt Dam

constructed on AZ's Salt River, financed by Newlands Act

what happened with Hetch Hetchy Valley?

there was a lot of quarrel over whether to dam it up. However, it eventually was dammed.

Aldrich-Vreeland Act

authorized national banks to issue emergency currency backed by various kinds of collateral

What was the square deal?

this was Teddy Roosevelt's plan of progressivism

Manchuria

the object of Taft's most spectacular effort to inject the reluctant dollar into the Far Eastern theater

Philander C. Knox

Sec of State who proposed that a group of US and foreign bankers buy the Manchurian railroads and turn them over to China under a self-liquidating arrangement but was rejected

rule of reason

the famous S. Ct doctrine that held that only combinations that "unreasonably" restrained trade were illegal

Nelson W. Aldrich

senator of Rhode Island who led reactionaries that tacked on lots of tariff revisions

Payne-Aldrich Bill

signed by Taft, betraying his campaign promises

Bureau of Mines

established by Taft to control mineral resources

What happened in the Ballinger-Pinchot quarrel?

this quarrel was became Ballinger was supporting corporations, and Pinchot disagreed, but then Taft fired Pinchot, leading people to think Taft was against convservationism

New Nationalism

doctrine that urged the national govmt to increase its power to remedy economic and social abuses

Victor L. Berger

Socialist representative elected to the House

National Progressive Republican league

formed early in 1911 with Senator La Follette as its leading candidate for the Repub nomination

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